|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. What holiday is the culmination of the cycle represented by the Theology of Dunnu?
2. From what does Marduk create the world?
3. When the eagle takes Etana to the skies, why does the king ask to be returned to earth?
4. How does Mami (or Belet-ili) explain the robbery of the Tablet to Ninurta?
5. What does Ea specifically tell Adapa that he must not eat while appearing before Anu?
Short Essay Questions
1. What is the given reason and the true reason for the Sebitti's desire to go to war?
2. How does Ninurta ultimately defeat Anzu?
3. How does Marduk defeat Tiamat?
4. Who is Haharnum?
5. In the story of Etana, what is the arrangement made before Shamash between the eagle and the snake?
6. What is the fate of the Sea and the Cattle God?
7. What leads to Ea slaying both Apsu and Mummu?
8. What is the station and functions of Adapa?
9. What happens when Erra takes over Marduk's palace?
10. Of what is the Theology of Dunnu symbolic?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Throughout the stories from Mesopotamia, there are several myths regarding the rise of a hero. Discuss the "hero-myth" in the following format:
Part 1) Defining a hero by Mesopotamian standards.
Part 2) Atrahasis.
Part 3) Marduk.
Part 4) Ninurta.
Essay Topic 2
Write an essay about the similarities between the Mesopotamian and Biblical flood myths in the following format:
Part 1) The over-indulgence and destruction of mankind.
Part 2) The similarities and differences of Noah and Atrahasis.
Part 3) The relationship between mankind and their god or gods.
Part 4) The final flood.
Part 5) The reconstruction of Earth and mankind.
Essay Topic 3
In the story of Etana, the eagle betrays the snake by eating its young, leading to the eagle's violent punishment. Discuss the roles of the eagle and the snake. What are some of the natural connotations, literary and otherwise, dredged up when thinking of snakes? What about eagles? How does this role reversal shift the reader's preconceptions of these animals? How does this speak to the diversity of Mesopotamia? What are the underlying themes of the eagle and the snake's story?
This section contains 946 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)