Mid-Book Test - Hard
|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. In the Amarna version of Nergal and Ereshkigal's story, what does Ea send to the Underworld with Nergal?
2. In terms of population control, what do the gods agree to do with women?
3. When Nergal escapes from the Underworld, what do the gods demand be done to him?
4. How does Ereshkigal avenge herself upon Ishtar?
5. What does Belili offer in order to help her brother, Dumuzi?
Short Essay Questions
1. Describe Ishtar's journey to see her sister, Ereshkigal, in the Underworld.
2. What remedies are offered after the flood to help control the population of the world?
3. What must Namtar avoid doing while in the Underworld serving out his punishment?
4. What is the fate of the Sea and the Cattle God?
5. Why does Adapa curse the South Wind and what are the consequences?
6. How does Atrahasis initially save the world from ruin before the flood?
7. How does Marduk defeat Tiamat?
8. What does Mother Hubur create for Tiamat and why?
9. Why does all sexual activity on Earth stop while Ishtar is in Kurnugi?
10. Why are several of the myths in this book fragmented or missing whole sections?
Essay Topic 1
Discuss the role of women within Mesopotamian culture as depicted within these myths in the following format:
Part 1) Shamhat.
Part 2) The story of Atrahasis to explain childbearing.
Part 3) Ishtar's relationships to men.
Part 4) Ereshkigal as both queen and loner.
Part 5) Belet-ili and her contributions to both deities and mankind.
Cite specific examples from the text to support your answers.
Essay Topic 2
Compare and contrast the characters of Apsu, Ea, and Marduk. All three of these held positions of power among the gods. What are their differences? What are their similarities? What roles do they plan in the Mesopotamian myths? Which of the gods is the more effective leader? How are all three of these gods related? In what way does Apsu's actions lead to Marduk's appointment as king of the gods? How does Tiamat figure into the hierarchy of the gods? What is significant about Erra's methods of taking over in his story?
Essay Topic 3
Compare and contrast the characters of Ishtar and Ereshkigal. How are they different? How are they the same? What constitutes their relationship? What is significant about their respective roles in life and how they are treated throughout the myths presented in this novel? In particular, be sure to focus on Ishtar's behavior around other gods and humans and Ereshkigal's isolation in the Underworld. Cite specific examples from the text to support your answers.
This section contains 1,140 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)