|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. What is unique about the plant Gilgamesh retrieves from the Apsu?
2. What is Kurnugi?
3. Which goddess creates Enkidu in order to bring down Gilgamesh's arrogance?
4. When Namtar is sent from the Underworld to argue with the gods for Nergal's return, what does Ereshkigal reveal?
5. For what reason, in the story of Atrahasis, do the gods create man?
Short Essay Questions
1. Why does all sexual activity on Earth stop while Ishtar is in Kurnugi?
2. What are some ways that Ellil punished mankind before the flood?
3. How does mankind react to the drought and famine before the ultimate appearance of the flood?
4. How does Enkidu escape from the Underworld on an alternate tablet?
5. How does Ishtar gain entrance into the Underworld?
6. After giving up on disease, how does Ellil try to keep the world from becoming overpopulated?
7. What reasons does Ereshkigal give for her anguish over losing Nergal?
8. What is significant about Ninsun adopting Enkidu as her own son?
9. Describe Gilgamesh's journey to see Ut-napishtim (or Atrahasis)?
10. What remedies are offered after the flood to help control the population of the world?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Discuss the role of women within Mesopotamian culture as depicted within these myths in the following format:
Part 1) Shamhat.
Part 2) The story of Atrahasis to explain childbearing.
Part 3) Ishtar's relationships to men.
Part 4) Ereshkigal as both queen and loner.
Part 5) Belet-ili and her contributions to both deities and mankind.
Cite specific examples from the text to support your answers.
Essay Topic 2
How is power both a theme and the center of all conflicts in the story of Anzu? How does Anzu steal his power? How is Ninurta able to kill Anzu despite the latter possessing the Tablet of Destinies? How is Ninurta's decision to go to battle for the glory a way of wresting power for himself? How does this play out in his conflict with Anzu?
Essay Topic 3
Discuss the differences in the separate versions of Nergal and Ereshkigal's myth. How does Nergal and Ereshkigal's character development change? What is significant about the Old Babylonian version being progressively more violent and less sympathetic towards Ereshkigal? How does Ea's involvement change in each story? Develop a clear thesis on this topic and cite specific examples from the text to support your answers.
This section contains 1,055 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)