|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. In the story of Ereshkigal, why does Kakka tell the queen of the Underworld to send a messenger up to the world?
2. How does Good-Looks save Ishtar from Kurnugi?
3. In what tradition where these myths originally related?
4. What reason does the author give for noting similarities between these myths and other, well-known stories?
5. About what does Ea question Nergal upon the arrival of Namtar?
Short Essay Questions
1. How does mankind react to the drought and famine before the ultimate appearance of the flood?
2. What are some ways that Ellil punished mankind before the flood?
3. How does Shamhat force Enkidu to meet Gilgamesh?
4. What reasons are given for the Mesopotamian myths becoming the basis of stories for several other cultures?
5. For what reasons does Enkidu die?
6. In the longer version of this story, what happens after Namtar fails to find Nergal outside of the Underworld?
7. According to the story of Atrahasis, how and why was man created?
8. Describe the purpose and function of some of the many different features of this book.
9. What is Nergal's offense against Namtar and his penance?
10. In the Armana version of the story of Nergal and Ereshkigal, what happens when Nergal goes to the Underworld?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
It is common throughout Mesopotamian myths that several of deities are given what could be considered monstrous appearances. What is the purpose of this? How does Marduk, given his description of being "perfect" fit into this theme? How are the Sebitti depicted? In what ways is Tiamat a culmination of the monstrous characteristics of the gods? How does this reflect upon Mesopotamian culture and their relationship to their religion? Cite specific examples from the text to support your answers.
Essay Topic 2
Write an essay about the Bible's connections to Enkidu from The Epic of Gilgamesh in the following format:
Part 1) Enkidu and Gilgamesh in comparison to Adam and Eve.
Part 2) Enkidu and Shamhat as Adam, Eve, and the Serpent.
Part 3) Enkidu as a martyr.
Part 4) Enkidu's resurrection.
Essay Topic 3
How and why is flying a predominant theme in Mesopotamian myths? Develop a clear thesis statement and write an essay, including (but not exclusively) the following topics:
1) Etana and the eagle.
3) Marduk's use of the winds.
4) Tiamat's army.
Cite specific examples from the text to support your answers.
This section contains 1,117 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)