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This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. How must Nergal atone for his offense towards Namtar?
2. For whom must Ishtar be exchanged in Kurnugi?
3. In the story of Ishtar, what version does the author use?
4. How many figures are contained within this book?
5. What theory does the author suggest as the origin for the tale of Atrahasis?
Short Essay Questions
1. For what reasons does Enkidu die?
2. Why does Belet-ili bring Enkidu to life?
3. What are some ways that Ellil punished mankind before the flood?
4. Describe the purpose and function of some of the many different features of this book.
5. Describe Gilgamesh's journey to see Ut-napishtim (or Atrahasis)?
6. According to the author, why is it important that people understand the origins of several well-known stories as well as knowing more about the time period from which these stories were born?
7. In the Armana version of the story of Nergal and Ereshkigal, what happens when Nergal goes to the Underworld?
8. Why is Namtar sent above ground to the feast in the story of Nergal and Ereshkigal?
9. After giving up on disease, how does Ellil try to keep the world from becoming overpopulated?
10. What function does the man, Good-Looks, serve in this story?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
What is the significance of the Tablet of Destinies? What powers does it hold? Why do the gods hold it in such esteem? How did it come to be and how does that relate to Ninurta's recovery of the Tablet? How does Anzu having possession of the Tablet reveal the heroism of some of the gods? How does the Tablet of Destinies relate to Mesopotamian religious beliefs?
Essay Topic 2
Discuss the role of women within Mesopotamian culture as depicted within these myths in the following format:
Part 1) Shamhat.
Part 2) The story of Atrahasis to explain childbearing.
Part 3) Ishtar's relationships to men.
Part 4) Ereshkigal as both queen and loner.
Part 5) Belet-ili and her contributions to both deities and mankind.
Cite specific examples from the text to support your answers.
Essay Topic 3
Discuss the use of deception in the Mesopotamian myths, including (but not exclusively) the following topics:
1) Enki saving Atrahasis from the flood.
2) Nergal and Ereshkigal.
3) The deception of Adapa.
4) Erra tricking Marduk out of his palace.
Develop a clear thesis statement and apply it to the above topics.
This section contains 1,073 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)