|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. Who is the king of the old gods?
2. What ancient text is not listed as having being inspired by these myths?
3. Who do the myths revolve around?
4. What reason does the author give for noting similarities between these myths and other, well-known stories?
5. What section of the book is the table of contents for the book's figures?
Short Essay Questions
1. Describe the purpose and function of some of the many different features of this book.
2. How does mankind react to the drought and famine before the ultimate appearance of the flood?
3. What remedies are offered after the flood to help control the population of the world?
4. How does Atrahasis initially save the world from ruin before the flood?
5. What is Nergal's offense against Namtar and his penance?
6. Describe Ishtar's journey to see her sister, Ereshkigal, in the Underworld.
7. According to the author, why is it important that people understand the origins of several well-known stories as well as knowing more about the time period from which these stories were born?
8. In the Armana version of the story of Nergal and Ereshkigal, what happens when Nergal goes to the Underworld?
9. How does Ishtar gain entrance into the Underworld?
10. In the longer version of this story, what happens after Namtar fails to find Nergal outside of the Underworld?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
What role does Tiamat play as a primeval goddess? What is significant about her status as a being of chaos? What theological implications can be found when considering that Marduk used Tiamat's remains to create the world? How does her monstrous army encourage her chaotic reign? Cite specific examples from the text to support your answers.
Essay Topic 2
What is the significance of the Tablet of Destinies? What powers does it hold? Why do the gods hold it in such esteem? How did it come to be and how does that relate to Ninurta's recovery of the Tablet? How does Anzu having possession of the Tablet reveal the heroism of some of the gods? How does the Tablet of Destinies relate to Mesopotamian religious beliefs?
Essay Topic 3
Compare and contrast the characters of Ishtar and Ereshkigal. How are they different? How are they the same? What constitutes their relationship? What is significant about their respective roles in life and how they are treated throughout the myths presented in this novel? In particular, be sure to focus on Ishtar's behavior around other gods and humans and Ereshkigal's isolation in the Underworld. Cite specific examples from the text to support your answers.
This section contains 1,106 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)