|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. What happens to the plant Gilgamesh took from the Apsu?
2. How does Ishtar being trapped in Kuranugi affect earth?
3. What is unique about the plant Gilgamesh retrieves from the Apsu?
4. What ancient text is not listed as having being inspired by these myths?
5. What reason is given for parts of these myths being missing?
Short Essay Questions
1. What function does the man, Good-Looks, serve in this story?
2. How does Shamhat force Enkidu to meet Gilgamesh?
3. In the Armana version of the story of Nergal and Ereshkigal, what happens when Nergal goes to the Underworld?
4. How does mankind react to the drought and famine before the ultimate appearance of the flood?
5. What is Nergal's offense against Namtar and his penance?
6. Describe the purpose and function of some of the many different features of this book.
7. What reasons does Ereshkigal give for her anguish over losing Nergal?
8. In the longer version of this story, what happens after Namtar fails to find Nergal outside of the Underworld?
9. How do the fates of Dumuzi and Belili explain the seasons and rituals of Mesopotamia?
10. How does Ishtar gain entrance into the Underworld?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Discuss the differences in the separate versions of Nergal and Ereshkigal's myth. How does Nergal and Ereshkigal's character development change? What is significant about the Old Babylonian version being progressively more violent and less sympathetic towards Ereshkigal? How does Ea's involvement change in each story? Develop a clear thesis on this topic and cite specific examples from the text to support your answers.
Essay Topic 2
Discuss the use of deception in the Mesopotamian myths, including (but not exclusively) the following topics:
1) Enki saving Atrahasis from the flood.
2) Nergal and Ereshkigal.
3) The deception of Adapa.
4) Erra tricking Marduk out of his palace.
Develop a clear thesis statement and apply it to the above topics.
Essay Topic 3
Why are some of these stories incomplete? What happened to the tablets over the centuries? What is the significance of the tablets being partially destroyed? How does that alter some of the stories? What is still unknown about some of the stories? What other important information is lost with the destruction of some of the tablets? How can the gaps in narration be filled in by studying the myths of other cultures?
This section contains 1,087 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)