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This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. In the Amarna version of Nergal and Ereshkigal's story, what does Ea send to the Underworld with Nergal?
2. In terms of population control, what do the gods agree to do with women?
3. When Nergal escapes from the Underworld, what do the gods demand be done to him?
4. How does Ereshkigal avenge herself upon Ishtar?
5. What does Belili offer in order to help her brother, Dumuzi?
Short Essay Questions
1. Describe Ishtar's journey to see her sister, Ereshkigal, in the Underworld.
2. What remedies are offered after the flood to help control the population of the world?
3. What must Namtar avoid doing while in the Underworld serving out his punishment?
4. What is the fate of the Sea and the Cattle God?
5. Why does Adapa curse the South Wind and what are the consequences?
6. How does Atrahasis initially save the world from ruin before the flood?
7. How does Marduk defeat Tiamat?
8. What does Mother Hubur create for Tiamat and why?
9. Why does all sexual activity on Earth stop while Ishtar is in Kurnugi?
10. Why are several of the myths in this book fragmented or missing whole sections?
Essay Topic 1
How and why is flying a predominant theme in Mesopotamian myths? Develop a clear thesis statement and write an essay, including (but not exclusively) the following topics:
1) Etana and the eagle.
3) Marduk's use of the winds.
4) Tiamat's army.
Cite specific examples from the text to support your answers.
Essay Topic 2
Why are some of these stories incomplete? What happened to the tablets over the centuries? What is the significance of the tablets being partially destroyed? How does that alter some of the stories? What is still unknown about some of the stories? What other important information is lost with the destruction of some of the tablets? How can the gaps in narration be filled in by studying the myths of other cultures?
Essay Topic 3
Write an essay about the Bible's connections to Enkidu from The Epic of Gilgamesh in the following format:
Part 1) Enkidu and Gilgamesh in comparison to Adam and Eve.
Part 2) Enkidu and Shamhat as Adam, Eve, and the Serpent.
Part 3) Enkidu as a martyr.
Part 4) Enkidu's resurrection.
This section contains 2,202 words
(approx. 8 pages at 300 words per page)