Myths from Mesopotamia: Creation, the Flood, Gilgamesh, and Others Test | Mid-Book Test - Hard

Stephanie Dalley
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This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.

Short Answer Questions

1. How does Shamash help Gilgamesh in his battle against Humbaba?

2. What reason does Ut-napishtium (or Atrahasis) give Gilgamesh for why only he is allowed to be immortal?

3. What does Atrahasis bring onto his boat besides people?

4. How much of Gilgamesh is considered to be the mortal part?

5. In terms of population control, what do the gods agree to do with women?

Short Essay Questions

1. After giving up on disease, how does Ellil try to keep the world from becoming overpopulated?

2. How does mankind react to the drought and famine before the ultimate appearance of the flood?

3. According to the author, why is it important that people understand the origins of several well-known stories as well as knowing more about the time period from which these stories were born?

4. How does Ishtar gain entrance into the Underworld?

5. Why does Adapa curse the South Wind and what are the consequences?

6. What reasons does Ereshkigal give for her anguish over losing Nergal?

7. How is Adapa tricked out of becoming immortal?

8. Why is Namtar sent above ground to the feast in the story of Nergal and Ereshkigal?

9. How does Ishum end Erra's devastation of the world?

10. For what reasons does Enkidu die?

Essay Topics

Essay Topic 1

How is power both a theme and the center of all conflicts in the story of Anzu? How does Anzu steal his power? How is Ninurta able to kill Anzu despite the latter possessing the Tablet of Destinies? How is Ninurta's decision to go to battle for the glory a way of wresting power for himself? How does this play out in his conflict with Anzu?

Essay Topic 2

It is common throughout Mesopotamian myths that several of deities are given what could be considered monstrous appearances. What is the purpose of this? How does Marduk, given his description of being "perfect" fit into this theme? How are the Sebitti depicted? In what ways is Tiamat a culmination of the monstrous characteristics of the gods? How does this reflect upon Mesopotamian culture and their relationship to their religion? Cite specific examples from the text to support your answers.

Essay Topic 3

What is the significance of the Tablet of Destinies? What powers does it hold? Why do the gods hold it in such esteem? How did it come to be and how does that relate to Ninurta's recovery of the Tablet? How does Anzu having possession of the Tablet reveal the heroism of some of the gods? How does the Tablet of Destinies relate to Mesopotamian religious beliefs?

(see the answer keys)

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