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This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. What happens to the plant Gilgamesh took from the Apsu?
2. What Phoenician god might be based on the legend of Ereshkigal and Nergal?
3. In the Babylonian version of Gilgamesh's story, what incites the battle between Gilgamesh and Enkidu?
4. In terms of population control, what do the gods agree to do with women?
5. How does Ut-napishtium prove to Gilgamesh how many days the latter man slept?
Short Essay Questions
1. Where is the approximate location of Mesopotamia in the modern world?
2. Describe Ishtar's journey to see her sister, Ereshkigal, in the Underworld.
3. Describe the purpose and function of some of the many different features of this book.
4. What arrangement is made for Ishtar's release from the Underworld?
5. Describe Gilgamesh's journey to see Ut-napishtim (or Atrahasis)?
6. What must Namtar avoid doing while in the Underworld serving out his punishment?
7. Why does Belet-ili bring Enkidu to life?
8. How does Enkidu escape from the Underworld on an alternate tablet?
9. According to the story of Atrahasis, how and why was man created?
10. What is Nergal's offense against Namtar and his penance?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Why is the Theology of Dunnu important? How does it reflect upon the diversity of Mesopotamia? Why is this important to know about today? In what ways does the Theology of Dunnu explain the world? How does it differ from the Epic of Creation? Cite specific examples from the text to support your answers.
Essay Topic 2
In the story of Etana, the eagle betrays the snake by eating its young, leading to the eagle's violent punishment. Discuss the roles of the eagle and the snake. What are some of the natural connotations, literary and otherwise, dredged up when thinking of snakes? What about eagles? How does this role reversal shift the reader's preconceptions of these animals? How does this speak to the diversity of Mesopotamia? What are the underlying themes of the eagle and the snake's story?
Essay Topic 3
Discuss the differences in the separate versions of Nergal and Ereshkigal's myth. How does Nergal and Ereshkigal's character development change? What is significant about the Old Babylonian version being progressively more violent and less sympathetic towards Ereshkigal? How does Ea's involvement change in each story? Develop a clear thesis on this topic and cite specific examples from the text to support your answers.
This section contains 1,056 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)