|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. Who is the king of the old gods?
2. What tool is used within the introductions to help the reader understand the time line of these stories?
3. On what condition does Ereshkigal allow Ishtar entrance to Kurnugi?
4. What god is sacrificed in order to create man?
5. How does Good-Looks save Ishtar from Kurnugi?
Short Essay Questions
1. Why does all sexual activity on Earth stop while Ishtar is in Kurnugi?
2. Describe Gilgamesh's journey to see Ut-napishtim (or Atrahasis)?
3. What must Namtar avoid doing while in the Underworld serving out his punishment?
4. How does Shamhat force Enkidu to meet Gilgamesh?
5. Describe Ishtar's journey to see her sister, Ereshkigal, in the Underworld.
6. Why does Belet-ili bring Enkidu to life?
7. After giving up on disease, how does Ellil try to keep the world from becoming overpopulated?
8. How does Atrahasis initially save the world from ruin before the flood?
9. What is significant about Ninsun adopting Enkidu as her own son?
10. What remedies are offered after the flood to help control the population of the world?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
It is common throughout Mesopotamian myths that several of deities are given what could be considered monstrous appearances. What is the purpose of this? How does Marduk, given his description of being "perfect" fit into this theme? How are the Sebitti depicted? In what ways is Tiamat a culmination of the monstrous characteristics of the gods? How does this reflect upon Mesopotamian culture and their relationship to their religion? Cite specific examples from the text to support your answers.
Essay Topic 2
Compare and contrast the characters of Ishtar and Ereshkigal. How are they different? How are they the same? What constitutes their relationship? What is significant about their respective roles in life and how they are treated throughout the myths presented in this novel? In particular, be sure to focus on Ishtar's behavior around other gods and humans and Ereshkigal's isolation in the Underworld. Cite specific examples from the text to support your answers.
Essay Topic 3
What role does Tiamat play as a primeval goddess? What is significant about her status as a being of chaos? What theological implications can be found when considering that Marduk used Tiamat's remains to create the world? How does her monstrous army encourage her chaotic reign? Cite specific examples from the text to support your answers.
This section contains 996 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)