|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. In what tradition where these myths originally related?
2. In the Amarna version of Nergal and Ereshkigal's story, what does Ea send to the Underworld with Nergal?
3. How long does Enki believe the flood will last?
4. What unique feature does this book use to help the reader understand these stories?
5. When Nergal returns to the Underworld on his own, what happens when he finds Ereshkigal?
Short Essay Questions
1. Describe Gilgamesh's journey to see Ut-napishtim (or Atrahasis)?
2. According to the author, why is it important that people understand the origins of several well-known stories as well as knowing more about the time period from which these stories were born?
3. How does mankind react to the drought and famine before the ultimate appearance of the flood?
4. How does Marduk defeat Tiamat?
5. What is the station and functions of Adapa?
6. Why does Erra wage a battle against the world?
7. What leads to Anzu stealing the Tablet of Destinies?
8. In the Mesopotamian myths discussed in this book, what early beliefs are depicted?
9. What role does The Flocks God play in the creation of the world in the Theology of Dunnu?
10. How does Atrahasis initially save the world from ruin before the flood?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
How are life and death intertwined in Mesopotamian culture? For what reasons, as depicted within the myths themselves, is there a fluidity between life and death? How does this reflect upon the beliefs of this culture? Using only the text, compose a strong thesis based on this idea. Cite examples from not only the myths but also the introductions and notes provided by the author.
Essay Topic 2
Discuss the role of respect in the stories of Mesopotamia in the following format:
Part 1) Nergal, Namtar, and Ereshkigal.
Part 2) Apsu and the younger gods.
Part 3) Marduk.
Part 4) Erra and Ishum.
Part 5) Adapa and the South Wind.
Using these stories, create a thesis to describe the importance of respect in Mesopotamian culture and why the stories make that clear.
Essay Topic 3
Compare and contrast the characters of Apsu, Ea, and Marduk. All three of these held positions of power among the gods. What are their differences? What are their similarities? What roles do they plan in the Mesopotamian myths? Which of the gods is the more effective leader? How are all three of these gods related? In what way does Apsu's actions lead to Marduk's appointment as king of the gods? How does Tiamat figure into the hierarchy of the gods? What is significant about Erra's methods of taking over in his story?
This section contains 2,142 words
(approx. 8 pages at 300 words per page)