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This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. How long does Enki believe the flood will last?
2. On their journey to the Pine Forest, what plagues Gilgamesh?
3. What gesture does Ninsun extend before Gilgamesh and Enkidu go to stop Humbaba?
4. Which goddess creates Enkidu in order to bring down Gilgamesh's arrogance?
5. What do Anu and Ellil agree to do for the other gods?
Short Essay Questions
1. What reasons are given for the Mesopotamian myths becoming the basis of stories for several other cultures?
2. For what reasons does Enkidu die?
3. How does Enkidu escape from the Underworld on an alternate tablet?
4. Why does all sexual activity on Earth stop while Ishtar is in Kurnugi?
5. In the longer version of this story, what happens after Namtar fails to find Nergal outside of the Underworld?
6. Where is the approximate location of Mesopotamia in the modern world?
7. What is Nergal's offense against Namtar and his penance?
8. In the Mesopotamian myths discussed in this book, what early beliefs are depicted?
9. How do the fates of Dumuzi and Belili explain the seasons and rituals of Mesopotamia?
10. How does Ishtar gain entrance into the Underworld?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
What is the significance of the Tablet of Destinies? What powers does it hold? Why do the gods hold it in such esteem? How did it come to be and how does that relate to Ninurta's recovery of the Tablet? How does Anzu having possession of the Tablet reveal the heroism of some of the gods? How does the Tablet of Destinies relate to Mesopotamian religious beliefs?
Essay Topic 2
Discuss the role of women within Mesopotamian culture as depicted within these myths in the following format:
Part 1) Shamhat.
Part 2) The story of Atrahasis to explain childbearing.
Part 3) Ishtar's relationships to men.
Part 4) Ereshkigal as both queen and loner.
Part 5) Belet-ili and her contributions to both deities and mankind.
Cite specific examples from the text to support your answers.
Essay Topic 3
Why are some of these stories incomplete? What happened to the tablets over the centuries? What is the significance of the tablets being partially destroyed? How does that alter some of the stories? What is still unknown about some of the stories? What other important information is lost with the destruction of some of the tablets? How can the gaps in narration be filled in by studying the myths of other cultures?
This section contains 1,028 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)