|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. What unique feature does this book use to help the reader understand these stories?
2. What does Atrahasis bring onto his boat besides people?
3. On what medium where these myths originally found?
4. Why does the author of this book believe it is necessary to understand where the stories of several different cultures originated?
5. In terms of population control, what do the gods agree to do with women?
Short Essay Questions
1. Why does all sexual activity on Earth stop while Ishtar is in Kurnugi?
2. What is significant about Ninsun adopting Enkidu as her own son?
3. How does Shamhat force Enkidu to meet Gilgamesh?
4. In the Mesopotamian myths discussed in this book, what early beliefs are depicted?
5. How does mankind react to the drought and famine before the ultimate appearance of the flood?
6. What is Nergal's offense against Namtar and his penance?
7. In the longer version of this story, what happens after Namtar fails to find Nergal outside of the Underworld?
8. Describe Gilgamesh's journey to see Ut-napishtim (or Atrahasis)?
9. According to the story of Atrahasis, how and why was man created?
10. What remedies are offered after the flood to help control the population of the world?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
How is power both a theme and the center of all conflicts in the story of Anzu? How does Anzu steal his power? How is Ninurta able to kill Anzu despite the latter possessing the Tablet of Destinies? How is Ninurta's decision to go to battle for the glory a way of wresting power for himself? How does this play out in his conflict with Anzu?
Essay Topic 2
How and why is flying a predominant theme in Mesopotamian myths? Develop a clear thesis statement and write an essay, including (but not exclusively) the following topics:
1) Etana and the eagle.
3) Marduk's use of the winds.
4) Tiamat's army.
Cite specific examples from the text to support your answers.
Essay Topic 3
Compare and contrast the characters of Apsu, Ea, and Marduk. All three of these held positions of power among the gods. What are their differences? What are their similarities? What roles do they plan in the Mesopotamian myths? Which of the gods is the more effective leader? How are all three of these gods related? In what way does Apsu's actions lead to Marduk's appointment as king of the gods? How does Tiamat figure into the hierarchy of the gods? What is significant about Erra's methods of taking over in his story?
This section contains 1,107 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)