|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. Two separate versions of Paul's experience in Damascus have spectators hearing the voice, but only one account includes the _________.
2. The difference between Plato's doctrine of the soul's ______________ and the resurrection was that resurrection was real flesh reborn.
3. The Romans believed in divine authority for __________, which eventually led to Inanaeus' death sentence for treason.
4. Bishop Irenaeus wrote the book "The Destruction and Overthrow of Falsely So-Called _____________."
5. To Iranaeus, the monotheism of the Valentianians was a kind of ________, a hoax that would allow them to participate in the orthodox church.
Short Essay Questions
1. What is a possible explanation for the burial of the sacred texts in the jar that Mohammed 'Ali found?
2. What did the Valentinians come to believe about the idea of God? What was He supposed to be?
3. Even during the time of the Reformation, what did the Protestant sects adhere to in terms of a doctrine?
4. How do the Gnostic texts portray the God that is present in the story of Adam and Eve in the tale of creation?
5. What do most people agree about in terms of the crucifixion of Jesus Christ?
6. What are some of the explanations that the Gnostics offered for the resurrection stories of Jesus?
7. What does Pagels speculate united the Gnostics, as diverse as they were in the world?
8. What are some of the roles that a masculine God might have in the prayers of Christians, Jews, and Muslims?
9. When Jesus tells Peter that he will lead her in order to make her male so that she too may become a living spirit, to whom is he referring?
10. After the death of Judas, the only true candidate for succession was which apostle?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
In the beginning, those that found the jar with the gospels in it did not want to break the jar, lest they cause harm or they have bad luck befall them.
Part 1: Why do you think that superstition still thrives?
Part 2: Do you think you would have broken the jar more quickly than those of the story did? Why or why not?
Part 3: Do you think that breaking open the jar was a good idea? Why or why not?
Essay Topic 2
At one point in time, the Romans considered the Christians to be heretics as they were not pagan in nature as the rulers were.
Part 1: Why do you think the the Romans felt they needed to punish the Christians?
Part 2: Why do you think that some Christians feel it's okay to punish those who consider themselves to be pagan?
Part 3: How do you think that religions should treat each other?
Essay Topic 3
Pagels also points out that at times, beliefs that weren't logical became preeminent.
Part 1: Do you think it's dangerous for illogical beliefs to be powerful? Why or why not?
Part 2: Does it matter whether a belief is logical? Why or why not?
Part 3: How do you think society would change of all accepted beliefs were logical? Why?
This section contains 2,142 words
(approx. 8 pages at 300 words per page)