|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. How does Gideon describe Fortas' legal brief about the case?
2. Which of the following is the consensus regarding appointed attorneys?
3. What type of payment do most appointed attorneys get?
4. Jacob contends that the basis for his case is about _________________, not an attorney.
5. Prior to Gideons' Supreme Court case, how many of the nine Justices does Fortas think will rule in his favor?
Short Essay Questions
1. What is the impact of the Gideon ruling regarding getting support for attorneys who are appointed to criminal cases?
2. What does John Hart Ely discover about Florida cases while doing research for Gideon's Supreme Court case?
3. What could be the reason that the Supreme Court Justices selected Fortas to represent Gideon?
4. What flaw does Fortas present in determining decisions on a case-by-case basis?
5. Who is Bruce Robert Jacob and what is his role in Gideon's Supreme Court trial?
6. What form of support does Jacob get to help him defend the state position in the trial?
7. What is Jacob's opinion on the retroactive element of any law which may evolve from Gideon's Supreme Court case?
8. What is the author's reply to those who may question whether a case like Gideon's should be managed through legislation or allowed to proceed to the Supreme Court?
9. How do Fortas and Jacob differ in their perceptions of Supreme Court procedure?
10. What change on the Supreme Court bench seems fortunate for Gideon's case?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Gideon changed the course of American law by petitioning for justice in the area of rights to an attorney. Who might be the next Gideon? Name two causes that are important in the United States today and how their passage would significantly alter the laws in America. What do you think the chances are of the causes passing and affecting change? Explain.
Essay Topic 2
When reading Gideon's file, Abe Fortas is interested to know whether or not Gideon is a black man. Why would this have been an important fact? What was happening in the South in the 1960s that would have made Gideon's race a critical factor to his case?
Essay Topic 3
Describe the overall settings for the story. What is important about each setting as it is revealed? What is the time period of the story? How important is the time period to the attitudes and issues of the people?
This section contains 1,141 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)