|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. Lawyers appearing before the Supreme Court should present facts as opposed to ________________.
2. Which of the following does the Fourteenth Amendment address?
3. One of the Justices asks Jacob if he believes all the prisoners currently jailed without benefit of an attorney are __________________.
4. What is the case in which the the opinion indicates that federal defendants should always have the right to an attorney?
5. Which of the following happens to legal services when appointed attorneys are not compensated?
Short Essay Questions
1. What is Justice Harlan's simple statement that overturns Betts vs. Brady?
2. What does John Hart Ely discover about Florida cases while doing research for Gideon's Supreme Court case?
3. What embarrassing statement does Jacob make in dialogue regarding Gideon representing someone else in court?
4. Why is Gideon's Supreme Court case called Gideon vs. Wainwright?
5. Who is Bruce Robert Jacob and what is his role in Gideon's Supreme Court trial?
6. What does Fortas believe would be the surest way to get assenting opinions from the Justices in Gideon's case?
7. What are a couple reasons that the Supreme Court works so well in terms of independent thinking?
8. How could Gideon vs. Wainwright overthrow the Betts vs. Brady decision that was enacted just 20 years prior?
9. What major points stem from revising the method of assigning attorneys who are not compensated?
10. What change on the Supreme Court bench seems fortunate for Gideon's case?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Explain the concept of loneliness as it exhibits in Gideon's life. How did Gideon have to adapt to a lonely childhood and youth? What effect did that have on his future relationships? Could his inability to manage relationships be part of the cause of his marital failures and relationships with his children? Explain the impact that childhood distress can have on an adult many years later.
Essay Topic 2
Gideon's story unfolds in the early 1960s, a time when the ravages of World War II are not a very distant memory and change is happening in almost every aspect of American life. What effect did the time period in which Gideon lived help his case? Does Gideon understand his place in history now that he has changed court procedures in America? Explain.
Essay Topic 3
The struggle for justice takes on an almost human persona in this story. What is this literary technique called? Cite examples that support this position.
This section contains 918 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)