|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. How does Gideon describe Fortas' legal brief about the case?
2. Gideon is perceived to be intelligent but ______________.
3. For how long are Supreme Court Justices on the bench?
4. How many people other than Jacob are on Jacob's law team in the Gideon case?
5. Immediately following Gideon's case, how many cases does the Supreme Court send back to the Florida State Supreme Court ordering it to reconsider those cases in light of Gideon vs. Wainwright?
Short Essay Questions
1. What is Justice Black's statement about Betts when he offers the Supreme Court opinion?
2. Who is Bruce Robert Jacob and what is his role in Gideon's Supreme Court trial?
3. What could be the reason that the Supreme Court Justices selected Fortas to represent Gideon?
4. How do Fortas and Jacob differ in their perceptions of Supreme Court procedure?
5. What is the premise of the Betts vs. Brady case in 1942?
6. What flaw does Fortas present in determining decisions on a case-by-case basis?
7. What is Jacob's opinion on the retroactive element of any law which may evolve from Gideon's Supreme Court case?
8. How could Gideon vs. Wainwright overthrow the Betts vs. Brady decision that was enacted just 20 years prior?
9. What is the author's reply to those who may question whether a case like Gideon's should be managed through legislation or allowed to proceed to the Supreme Court?
10. What does John Hart Ely discover about Florida cases while doing research for Gideon's Supreme Court case?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Discuss the irony of Gideon's not being able to ever hold a job very long in his life yet having the tenacity to hand write pages and pages of his petition to the Supreme Court. What gave Gideon his inspiration to keep pushing forward? How would Gideon's life have been different if he had applied this same tenacity to making a decent living and caring for his family? Explain.
Essay Topic 2
Gideon's story unfolds in the early 1960s, a time when the ravages of World War II are not a very distant memory and change is happening in almost every aspect of American life. What effect did the time period in which Gideon lived help his case? Does Gideon understand his place in history now that he has changed court procedures in America? Explain.
Essay Topic 3
Create a brief character study of Gideon. What does he look like? What are his positive personality traits? What are some of his negative characteristics? What are his hopes and fears? What is his primary motivation?
This section contains 1,124 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)