|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. Which of the following is an indigent person unable to afford that a rich defendant can?
2. Under the Betts rule, who is required to have an attorney?
3. Jacob contends that the basis for his case is about _________________, not an attorney.
4. Which are the only two states to stand with Florida on the right to an attorney position?
5. Which of the following does the Fourteenth Amendment address?
Short Essay Questions
1. What is State Judge Walter V. Schaefer's reasoning on why the right to an attorney is greater than all other rights?
2. What does Fortas believe would be the surest way to get assenting opinions from the Justices in Gideon's case?
3. What is Jacob's opinion on the retroactive element of any law which may evolve from Gideon's Supreme Court case?
4. Compare and contrast the legal resources for Jacob representing states' rights and Fortas representing just one man.
5. What are a couple reasons that the Supreme Court works so well in terms of independent thinking?
6. What is Justice Black's statement about Betts when he offers the Supreme Court opinion?
7. What is the next step after the Supreme Court rules in Gideon's favor?
8. What could be the reason that the Supreme Court Justices selected Fortas to represent Gideon?
9. What is the impact of the Gideon ruling regarding getting support for attorneys who are appointed to criminal cases?
10. How could Gideon vs. Wainwright overthrow the Betts vs. Brady decision that was enacted just 20 years prior?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
In Gideon's Supreme Court case, Abe Fortas is assigned to represent him while Bruce Jacob represents the state's rights. Compare and contrast Abe Fortas and Bruce Jacob. What similarities do they share? How are they different? Do you think the Supreme Court Justices knew what they were doing when they appointed Fortas to Gideon's case? Explain.
Essay Topic 2
GIDEON'S TRUMPET is a story about succeeding against heavy odds. Explain how fortunate Gideon is to have been alive in 1962 instead of 1942. What ruling had been in place in Florida that would have kept Gideon in prison for his full sentence? Is Gideon even aware of his good fortune? Explain.
Essay Topic 3
Explain the concept of loneliness as it exhibits in Gideon's life. How did Gideon have to adapt to a lonely childhood and youth? What effect did that have on his future relationships? Could his inability to manage relationships be part of the cause of his marital failures and relationships with his children? Explain the impact that childhood distress can have on an adult many years later.
This section contains 1,154 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)