|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. Which of the following is true of Jacobs prior to the Supreme Court case?
2. Which are the only two states to stand with Florida on the right to an attorney position?
3. Which of the following does the Fourteenth Amendment address?
4. How many other states sign Berlin's legal brief?
5. What did State Judge Walter V. Schaefer of the Illin.ois Court of Illinois assert as a citizen's greatest right?
Short Essay Questions
1. What is the premise of the brief written by George D. Mentz of the Alabama Attorney General's office which supports Jacob's case?
2. What flaw does Fortas present in determining decisions on a case-by-case basis?
3. What is the impact of the Gideon ruling regarding getting support for attorneys who are appointed to criminal cases?
4. What does John Hart Ely discover about Florida cases while doing research for Gideon's Supreme Court case?
5. What is State Judge Walter V. Schaefer's reasoning on why the right to an attorney is greater than all other rights?
6. What is Justice Black's statement about Betts when he offers the Supreme Court opinion?
7. Who is Bruce Robert Jacob and what is his role in Gideon's Supreme Court trial?
8. How do Fortas and Jacob differ in their perceptions of Supreme Court procedure?
9. What could be the reason that the Supreme Court Justices selected Fortas to represent Gideon?
10. What is the author's reply to those who may question whether a case like Gideon's should be managed through legislation or allowed to proceed to the Supreme Court?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
What is the point of view of the book? What are the benefits and the limitations to this particular point of view? Explain how the book would have changed if it had been written by one of the attorneys or even Gideon himself.
Essay Topic 2
With what crime had Clarence Earl Gideon been charged? What prevented his being appointed an attorney? Wouldn't Gideon have qualified under the "special circumstances" clause? Explain.
Essay Topic 3
When reading Gideon's file, Abe Fortas is interested to know whether or not Gideon is a black man. Why would this have been an important fact? What was happening in the South in the 1960s that would have made Gideon's race a critical factor to his case?
This section contains 1,181 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)