|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. George Mantz of ____________ admits that his state's courts could soon follow the trend to appoint attorneys in all cases.
2. What does Abe Fortas think would be the best way for the Justices to understand Gideon's case?
3. What "stupid answer" does Jacob give in response to a Justice?
4. Which of the following is the consensus regarding appointed attorneys?
5. What can a lay person not be expected to know?
Short Essay Questions
1. What is Jacob's opinion on the retroactive element of any law which may evolve from Gideon's Supreme Court case?
2. What is Justice Harlan's simple statement that overturns Betts vs. Brady?
3. What form of support does Jacob get to help him defend the state position in the trial?
4. Why is Gideon's Supreme Court case called Gideon vs. Wainwright?
5. What are a couple reasons that the Supreme Court works so well in terms of independent thinking?
6. What is Justice Black's statement about Betts when he offers the Supreme Court opinion?
7. What major points stem from revising the method of assigning attorneys who are not compensated?
8. What embarrassing statement does Jacob make in dialogue regarding Gideon representing someone else in court?
9. What could be the reason that the Supreme Court Justices selected Fortas to represent Gideon?
10. What is the next step after the Supreme Court rules in Gideon's favor?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Describe the overall settings for the story. What is important about each setting as it is revealed? What is the time period of the story? How important is the time period to the attitudes and issues of the people?
Essay Topic 2
Define the Betts vs. Brady ruling. Why was it essentially unchallenged for 20 years? What happened to American critical thought in the years 1942-1962 that made it possible for Gideon's petition to be heard at the Supreme Court level? What was happening in the culture of America that almost demanded that Gideon's petition be heard? Explain.
Essay Topic 3
Gideon changed the course of American law by petitioning for justice in the area of rights to an attorney. Who might be the next Gideon? Name two causes that are important in the United States today and how their passage would significantly alter the laws in America. What do you think the chances are of the causes passing and affecting change? Explain.
This section contains 1,022 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)