|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. What sentence did Gideon receive in his first trial?
2. Who is the witness in Gideon's first trial who states that he saw Gideon at the poolroom on the morning of June 3?
3. Justices of the Supreme Court have a higher power than ____________________.
4. Why does Gideon's family not qualify for welfare?
5. Fortas notes that there is a recent history of the Justices declining to approve petitions that would _____________________.
Short Essay Questions
1. What is the process of a Supreme Court petition?
2. What issue has been on the minds of the Justices lately that gives Gideon's petition some extra attention?
3. What is the typical course for a case to reach the Supreme Court?
4. For what crime is Gideon serving time in a Florida prison?
5. What is the famous 1940s case whose precedent denied Gideon an attorney at his criminal trial?
6. What distinction did Justice Jackson once make regarding the infallibility of Supreme Court decision?
7. How does Fortas get the information he needs about Gideon's previous trial?
8. What is so unusual about Gideon's tenacity in preparing his petition to the Supreme Court?
9. What incriminating testimony had been provided by the prosecution's witness, Henry Cook, during Gideon's criminal trial?
10. What is meant by federalism and how could Gideon's Supreme Court case impact it?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Explain the concept of loneliness as it exhibits in Gideon's life. How did Gideon have to adapt to a lonely childhood and youth? What effect did that have on his future relationships? Could his inability to manage relationships be part of the cause of his marital failures and relationships with his children? Explain the impact that childhood distress can have on an adult many years later.
Essay Topic 2
In Gideon's Supreme Court case, Abe Fortas is assigned to represent him while Bruce Jacob represents the state's rights. Compare and contrast Abe Fortas and Bruce Jacob. What similarities do they share? How are they different? Do you think the Supreme Court Justices knew what they were doing when they appointed Fortas to Gideon's case? Explain.
Essay Topic 3
The author uses more than one iteration on the theme of hope. Identify at least two themes about hope in the book. Then cite an example to support each theme you name.
This section contains 1,024 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)