|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. What do the Athenians call the high part of the city?
2. According to Leonidas, how many men could the Persians mass behind the battle wall?
3. Why does Artemisia tell Xerxes that he cannot leave the field of battle?
4. What does the Oracle of Apollo at Delphi tell the Athenians?
5. What question does Dienekes tell Alexandros has haunted him his whole life?
Short Essay Questions
1. Why do the Persian soldiers not hinder the Greeks in their escape?
2. Describe the plan to assault Xerxes in his own tent.
3. What disturbs Xerxes, the Persian king?
4. What main advantage do the Spartans have over the Persians?
5. What kind of force arrives at Thermopylae to meet the Persians?
6. What kinds of items do the Spartan soldiers carry with them?
7. Where has Xeones seen Xerxes before he is brought into his tent?
8. Explain what the author means when he calls the 300 an all-sire unit.
9. What happens when the Greeks enter the tent of Xerxes that ultimately saves his life?
10. Describe the Medes who first entered battle with the Greeks.
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
The Spartans hold a unique view of war and enemies. Explain the Spartan view of war and their enemies. Compare and contrast this view to the views of other ancient warrior civilizations.
Essay Topic 2
Throughout the book, Xeones describes several things that are common to ancient warfare, such as smoke and fire, rape, and the mutilation of the enemy dead. What other factors are common to ancient warfare? Why do these things occur in ancient times? Do they still happen today? Why or why not?
Essay Topic 3
After the battle at Thermopylae, The Persians capture the body of King Leonidas, and mutilate it. Describe what they do to his body. For what reasons might the Persians commit this act of disrespect and defilement on the body of the Spartan king? What about this bothers Xerxes? How does it affect Xerxes' decision making and performance?
Describe the dreams that Xerxes has after Leonidas' body is mutilated. Why is he so plagued by these nightmares? Is he afraid? Explain your answers.
This section contains 991 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)