|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. How does Polynikes react to Alexandros' answer?
2. Why is Xerxes warned about the story of the Spartans?
3. Who is the Lady Arete asking about?
4. Who is Xerxes?
5. Why do the Antirhions lose the battle?
Short Essay Questions
1. What is the concern of the lady Paraleio, Alexandros' mother?
2. How does Xeones come to follow the Spartan army when they march out to war?
3. How do the Spartans count their dead?
4. Describe the Spartan line formation.
5. Why does Diomache feel that no one will want to marry her?
6. Why do the Spartans punish their young boys by whipping them?
7. How do Alexandros and Xeones get across the Gulf of Corinth when following the army?
8. When the Spartans realize that the boys followed them, what is the punishment that Xeones must endure?
9. What does the lady Arete reveal to Xeones?
10. How are Xeones and Alexandros assigned after the battle at Antirhion?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
By simply maintaining military discipline, the Spartans are able to defeat many enemies in battle who do not know discipline. Define discipline. Why is discipline so important on the battlefield? Is it equally important off the field? Why or why not?
Essay Topic 2
What causes Leonidas to offer freedom to the helots, and allow anyone who does not want to stand and die the opportunity to leave? Why do he and his men remain to fight the Persians, knowing that they will die? What are some reasons that so many of them leave? Does leaving the field of battle, knowing that they can not win and will die, make all of the men who leave cowards? Explain your answer.
Essay Topic 3
Throughout the book, Xeones describes several things that are common to ancient warfare, such as smoke and fire, rape, and the mutilation of the enemy dead. What other factors are common to ancient warfare? Why do these things occur in ancient times? Do they still happen today? Why or why not?
This section contains 736 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)