Close to Shore: The Terrifying Shark Attacks of 1916 Test | Final Test - Hard

Michael Capuzzo
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This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.

Short Answer Questions

1. In most cases, white sharks dislike the taste of humans and do what?

2. ___________________ of sharks were hunted down and slaughtered.

3. The beating with the oar and the gunshots had, like some old-time fishermen predicted, probably done what?

4. Dr. Sir Victor Coppleson, __________________ surgeon, coined the phrase "rogue shark."

5. Why might the shark not have been hungry for a short while?

Short Essay Questions

1. To what animal is a shark compared? How is this belief supported?

2. Describe the health of the average great white. How does this compare to the juvenile shark that attacked in 1916?

3. What did Fisher do to try to get Lester's body? How did this affect Fisher? Should he have done this? Why or why not?

4. How do events in this story prove that not everyone had heard about the man-eating shark?

5. What is a rogue shark? How did this term come about?

6. How was John Nichols finally forced to believe that sharks could be deadly to humans?

7. What might have caused the shark to head north?

8. If the shark was near the shark-patrol boat, why were they unable to catch it or shoot it?

9. What did Coppleson think of the shark attacks of 1916? How does this compare to other beliefs at the time and beliefs today?

10. After the attack on Charles Bruder, what happened to the news regarding the shark? Why did this happen?

Essay Topics

Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:

Essay Topic 1

The book Jaws was based on the attacks of 1916.

Part 1) How is this fact important to this book? How popular must this book have been? Why? How did this then lead to the creation of the movie Jaws? What might have been the reaction to the movie? Might reactions have been similar to those at the time of the attacks in 1916? Why or why not?

Part 2) How does the author of the book, Jaws, react to the fear and hatred that is felt towards Great White sharks? Why does he react this way? Are you surprised by his reaction? Why or why not?

Part 3) Do you agree with the author of Jaws regarding the danger that Great Whites may or may not pose? Why or why not? Can Great White sharks and man co-exist peacefully? If so, how? If not, why not?

Essay Topic 2

The shark swam into a fresh water creek.

Part 1) Why did the shark do this? What did this reveal about the shark at this time? How might the shark's state of mind have played a role in the many attacks along the Matawan Creek?

Part 2) What could have been done to keep the shark out of the creek? Might tactics such as this be used today? Why or why not? Do you see creeks as being dangerous now because of this event? Why or why not?

Part 3) In what ways has man tried to control nature to make life better for all mankind? What are the results of these attempts? Why? Should man attempt to control nature? Why or why not?

Essay Topic 3

By the end of the book, the shark was quite ill.

Part 1) Describe the shark. How big was it? How old did they estimate it to be? What was its life like? How was it affected by its travels up the Atlantic coast? Why did it travel north? How did the weakening of the shark and its constant hunger affect those living along the coast?

Part 2) What role might humans play in the shark coming close to shore? How might humans have also played a role in the shark's ill health? What could be done to keep Great Whites alive and healthy and to protect humans as well?

Part 3) How influential is mankind on the natural world? How has the natural world and its creatures been affected by human populations, pollutions, and other actions? What can be done to reverse some of these effects?

(see the answer keys)

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