Close to Shore: The Terrifying Shark Attacks of 1916 Test | Final Test - Medium

Michael Capuzzo
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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. On July ________, 1916, Renny Cartan, Jr., his cousin Johnson Cartan, and some other friends took off for the swimming hole at the nearby creek.
(a) 11.
(b) 22.
(c) 15.
(d) 29.

2. Coppleson cited the North Atlantic attacks of 1916 as those of a rogue shark, even though many American experts maintained what belief?
(a) The deaths of the swimmers were caused by a shark that could not be considered a rogue shark.
(b) The deaths of the swimmers were not caused by sharks.
(c) The deaths of the swimmers were caused by orcas.
(d) The swimmers drowned.

3. In 1922, two _____________ were attacked and killed at the same location, Coogee Beach, by large sharks that struck them with such force that they were lifted from the water.
(a) Surfers.
(b) Boaters.
(c) Swimmers.
(d) Divers.

4. By July _______, bathers returned and ventured back into the water, seeming to forget about the recent attacks.
(a) 9th.
(b) 21st.
(c) 27th.
(d) 12th.

5. He was finally able to get away from it and was carrying what was left of Lester to the shore when what happened?
(a) The shark attacked again.
(b) He collapsed.
(c) He jumped back into the water to catch the shark.
(d) The shark started to swim away from him.

Short Answer Questions

1. Hearing about the attacks, ichthyologist John Nichols drove from New York City to the Matawan Creek. Where did he stop first?

2. Why might the juvenile shark that attacked the men have turned toward the coast when it reached Sandy Hook Bay on its northward migration?

3. Suddenly, Joseph was being pulled down by his leg. His brother Michael and a rescuer, Jacob Lefferts, both leaped in the water and tried to wrest Joseph from the shark's mouth. They were able to pull Joseph out and onto whose boat?

4. Fisher immediately closed his ____________ shop and ran to the creek.

5. Scientists have recently theorized that shark attacks may be caused by what?

Short Essay Questions

1. What happened to both Joseph and Stanley Fisher?

2. What did Coppleson think of the shark attacks of 1916? How does this compare to other beliefs at the time and beliefs today?

3. What did Lucas and others think about the idea of man-eating sharks? How did they support this belief?

4. What might have caused the shark to head north?

5. What had occurred by July 9th? Why?

6. Describe the health of the average great white. How does this compare to the juvenile shark that attacked in 1916?

7. Describe what took place on July 7, 1916.

8. How were New York and New Jersey's economies affected by this shark? How did the people of these states react to this? How did this lead to federal government efforts?

9. How did Renny's cousin and friends react to the scratch marks on Renny's body and his fear? Why might they have reacted in this way?

10. After the attack on Charles Bruder, what happened to the news regarding the shark? Why did this happen?

(see the answer keys)

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