Close to Shore: The Terrifying Shark Attacks of 1916 Test | Mid-Book Test - Easy

Michael Capuzzo
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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. Many years later, ichthyologist George Burgess concluded that the shark was a _________, serial killer, but in the rhetoric of the day, the shark was a sea monster.
(a) Monster.
(b) Maniac.
(c) Rogue.
(d) Beast.

2. The owner and captain of the yacht was the wealthy shipping mogul Hermann Oelrichs. One of Oelrichs' goals was to debunk the myth that sharks were man-eaters. He felt certain that their bad publicity stemmed from pure fantasy. He had offered a reward of ____________ for proof that any person had ever been attacked by a shark.
(a) $100.
(b) $500.
(c) $50.
(d) $5,000.

3. The people irrationally linked the great white attack to what?
(a) God's wrath.
(b) German U-Boats.
(c) Unruly teenagers.
(d) The U.S. Navy.

4. One fact that made the thought of men being killed or eaten by sharks unrealistic to many was what?
(a) Men are the strongest creatures on earth.
(b) Men are too smart to be eaten by animals.
(c) Such attacks had always occurred away from civilization and were virtually unrecorded.
(d) Sharks are too small and weak.

5. ______________________ of working-class men and women migrated across downtown Philadelphia to the coast on the first day of July 1916.
(a) Millions.
(b) Hundreds.
(c) Dozens.
(d) Thousands.

6. Though young sharks can seem slow-moving, when stimulated they can reach speeds of ____________ miles per hour.
(a) Twenty.
(b) Seventy.
(c) Thirty.
(d) Fifty.

7. What happened to the two long distance swimmers on July 6, 1916?
(a) The shark attacked one of them.
(b) They were followed by the shark but were not attacked.
(c) The shark bumped into one of them.
(d) Nothing.

8. In 1915, a _______________ editorial was written entitled, "Let Us Do Justice To Sharks."
(a) New York Post.
(b) New Yorker.
(c) USA Today.
(d) New York Times.

9. What probably made Charles more vulnerable?
(a) He was a lone swimmer.
(b) He was holding onto his dog.
(c) He was bleeding.
(d) He was not very strong.

10. Some hotel guests worried about the incident, others were sure the incident had been exaggerated and believed what had happened to the young man?
(a) He had drowned.
(b) He had a heart attack.
(c) He had been chased by a shark.
(d) He had a cramp and had to swim to the shore.

11. The thousands of ________________ that cover their skin aid in their maneuverability and speed.
(a) Scales.
(b) Denticles.
(c) Derma.
(d) Barnacles.

12. The next day, articles appeared in both the New York Times and the Philadelphia Inquirer about the shark attack. Where were these articles located?
(a) Nowhere.
(b) In the middle of the newspapers.
(c) On front pages.
(d) On back pages.

13. The shark that attacked in 1916 had returned from the southern waters where he had suffered in his competition with many larger predators. He was tossed northward by what?
(a) A tropical storm.
(b) The strong current of the Gulf Stream.
(c) A strong hurricane.
(d) The smell of humans.

14. Bruder's injuries and death were recorded and attributed to what?
(a) Fish bite.
(b) Unknown sources.
(c) Orca bite.
(d) Shark bite.

15. Noted _________________ Dr. John Treadwell Nichols was called in to investigate the attack.
(a) Herpetologist.
(b) Ichthyologist.
(c) Ornithologist.
(d) Mammalogist.

Short Answer Questions

1. This editorial cited the fact that twenty-five years had passed since Oelrichs' swim with the sharks and _____ evidence had come forth of a shark attacking a man.

2. Successive rows of additional teeth are poised behind the functional teeth, ready to replace them when they are discarded. Every ______________ weeks, a new, serrated set of teeth replaces the current set.

3. What did Dr. William G. Schauffler immediately order?

4. What did the swimmers do after they learned what danger they had been in?

5. The only known creatures that on rare occasions are known to attack great whites of this size are what?

(see the answer keys)

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