Chaos: Making a New Science Test | Mid-Book Test - Hard

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This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.

Short Answer Questions

1. In mathematics, what is a system which does not satisfy the superposition principle, or whose output is not directly proportional to its input?

2. James Yorke is credited with creating what term in reference to science?

3. From what institution did Thomas S. Kuhn earn his B.S., M.S. and Ph.D. degrees in physics?

4. In Chapter 4, "A Geometry of Nature," Houthakker explained to Mandelbrot the diagram in his office represented eight years of what?

5. What work by Edward Lorenz greatly impacted the thinking of James Yorke, as described in Chapter 3, "Life's Ups and Downs"?

Short Essay Questions

1. What led to Benoit Mandelbrot's epiphany in Chapter 4, "A Geometry of Nature"? Where was Benoit Mandelbrot working at the time?

2. How did Benoit Mandelbrot describe the ideal data source in Chapter 4, "A Geometry of Nature"?

3. How is a Cantor set described in Chapter 4, "A Geometry of Nature"?

4. What did Edward Lorenz develop in order to assist in working with computer technology in Chapter 1, "The Butterfly Effect"? How did he feel about the future of forecasting?

5. How is Edward Lorenz described in Chapter 1, "The Butterfly Effect"? Where was he working at the time?

6. What were the biggest issues with weather forecasting during Lorenz's time as described in Chapter 1, "The Butterfly Effect"? How is the Butterfly Effect defined?

7. What was the early life of Benoit Mandelbrot like, as described by the author in Chapter 4, "A Geometry of Nature"?

8. How is the relationship between meteorologists and computers described in Chapter 1, "The Butterfly Effect"?

9. How did Lorenz's work influence James Yorke in Chapter 3, "Life's Ups and Downs"?

10. In Chapter 3, "Life's Ups and Downs," one of the biggest questions came to be how different parameters affected the ultimate destiny of a changing population. What was the answer to this?

Essay Topics

Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:

Essay Topic 1

Define and discuss fractals, peano curves, Sierpinski carpets and Sierpinski gaskets. When were Sierpinski carpets first discovered?

Essay Topic 2

Describe the origins and history of the National Meteorological Center (now the National Weather Service) and the European Center for Medium Range Forecasts. Where is each headquartered and how has it developed in today's world?

Essay Topic 3

Discuss the contributions of Jerry Gollub in nonlinear and non-equilibrium phenomena. How are these terms defined and how are experiments conducted?

(see the answer keys)

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