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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Albert Libchaber made the first experimental observation of the _____ that leads to chaos and turbulence in convective Rayleigh-Benard systems.
(a) Bifurcation cascade.
(b) No-slip condition.
(c) Poincare conjecture.
(d) Fractal basin boundaries.
2. What is a measure of some property of a piece of software or its specifications?
(a) Software metric.
(b) Cosmic arrhythmias.
(c) Software visualization.
(d) Fractal compression.
3. According to the author, "to play the chaos game quickly, you need a computer with a graphics screen and a random number generator, but in principle a sheet of paper and" what will work as well?
(a) A coin.
(b) A deck of cards.
(c) A pair of dice.
(d) A compass.
4. What were used to address deep issues in theoretical physics according to the author in Chapter 8, "Images of Chaos"?
(a) Fluid dynamics.
(b) Period doubling bifurcation.
(d) Fractal basin boundaries.
5. What mathematical term refers to a bifurcation in which the system switches to a new behavior with twice the period of the original system in a discrete dynamical system?
(a) The Navier-Stokes equation.
(b) Software visualization.
(c) Period doubling bifurcation.
(d) Dynamic equilibrium.
Short Answer Questions
1. What exists when a reversible reaction ceases to change its ratio of reactants/products, but substances move between the chemicals at an equal rate, meaning there is no net change?
2. According to Gleick, Albert Libchaber had a similar background to who, living as a refugee during World War II?
3. In what year did Mitchell Feigenbaum complete his doctorate with a thesis on dispersion relations?
4. What is defined as a mess of disorder on all scales and is not stable?
5. Albert Libchaber graduated with a bachelor degree in mathematics from what institution?
Short Essay Questions
1. How does the author describe the evolution of chaos in Chapter 8, "Images of Chaos"?
2. How were fractal basin boundaries used in Chapter 8, "Images of Chaos"? What scientists studied the transitions?
3. Who is Michael Barnsley? How is his early career described in Chapter 8, "Images of Chaos"?
4. Whose results did Albert Libchaber inadvertently recreate in Chapter 7, "The Experimenter"?
5. How did Barnsley's approach differ from that of Richter and Peitgen in Chapter 8, "Images of Chaos"?
6. How is the Taylor-Couette flow defined?
7. How does the author differentiate between theorists and experimentalists in Chapter 5, "Strange Attractors"?
8. Where did Mitchell Feigenbaum meet Michael Barnsley in Chapter 8, "Images of Chaos"? What did their discussions lead to?
9. What problems did turbulence cause for physicists and scientists, according to the author in Chapter 5, "Strange Attractors"?
10. Who was Johann Wolfgang von Goethe? For what great work is he most well known?
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