Chaos: Making a New Science Test | Mid-Book Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. In Chapter 4, "A Geometry of Nature," Houthakker explained to Mandelbrot the diagram in his office represented eight years of what?
(a) Wheat prices.
(b) Cotton prices.
(c) Almond prices.
(d) Corn prices.

2. Robert May, like many before him, was confused by the changes when what was increased?
(a) Laminar flow.
(b) A parameter.
(c) Gradient.
(d) Energy.

3. What studies the behavior of dynamical systems that are highly sensitive to initial conditions?
(a) Deterministic Nonperiodic Flow.
(b) Nonlinear system.
(c) Butterfly effect.
(d) Chaos theory.

4. Who is quoted in Chapter 1, "The Butterfly Effect" as saying "Physicists like to think that all you have to do is say, these are the conditions, now what happens next?"
(a) Edward Lorenz.
(b) Thomas S. Kuhn.
(c) Richard Feynman.
(d) Stephen Spender.

5. What is the study of general and fundamental problems, such as those connected with existence, knowledge, values, reason, mind, and language?
(a) Biology.
(b) Philosophy.
(c) Information theory.
(d) Meteorology.

6. Where is the European Center for Medium Range Forecasts headquartered?
(a) Reading, England.
(b) Dublin, Ireland.
(c) Paris, France.
(d) Berlin, Germany.

7. What is a natural science that involves the study of matter and its motion through spacetime, along with related concepts such as energy and force?
(a) Thermodynamics.
(b) Physics.
(c) Fluid dynamics.
(d) Physiology.

8. What concept originated by Thomas S. Kuhn refers to the routine work of scientists experimenting within a paradigm, slowly accumulating detail in accord with established broad theory and not actually challenging or attempting to test the underlying assumptions of that theory?
(a) Normal science.
(b) Science of commonality.
(c) Psuedoscience.
(d) Bland science.

9. Where was James Yorke born?
(a) Plainfield, New Jersey.
(b) Cheyenne, Wyoming.
(c) Portland, Oregon.
(d) Flagstaff, Arizona.

10. In what year did Edward Lorenz create a weather simulator as described in Chapter 1, "The Butterfly Effect"?
(a) 1966.
(b) 1960.
(c) 1948.
(d) 1951.

11. In Chapter 2, "Revolution," Gleick writes that the only problem with studying and experimenting with a new science is what?
(a) There are no rules.
(b) No one will understand it.
(c) It requires a new language.
(d) All the work is yet to be done.

12. Although James Yorke was a brilliant mathematician, he often referred to himself as what?
(a) A philosopher.
(b) A monk.
(c) A rebel.
(d) A martyr.

13. Where was Edward Lorenz born?
(a) West Hartford, Connecticut.
(b) Boston, Massachusetts.
(c) Atlantic City, New Jersey.
(d) Bangor, Maine.

14. In mathematics, what is a system which does not satisfy the superposition principle, or whose output is not directly proportional to its input?
(a) Hyperlinear system.
(b) Thermolinear system.
(c) Nonlinear system.
(d) Linear system.

15. In Chapter 3, "Life's Ups and Downs," Gleick writes, "In the emergence of chaos as a new science in the 1970s, _____ were destined to play a special role."
(a) Paleontologists.
(b) Botanists.
(c) Ecologists.
(d) Geologists.

Short Answer Questions

1. What were the subjects allowed to glance at one at a time in the experiment from the 1940s described by Gleick in Chapter 2, "Revolution"?

2. Who does Gleick quote as saying "It does not say in the Bible that all laws of nature are expressible linearily!" in Chapter 3, "Life's Ups and Downs"?

3. When was the Massachusetts Institute of Technology founded?

4. Where was Benoit Mandelbrot born?

5. One of the implications of what theorem is that if a continuous discrete dynamical system on the real line has a periodic point of period 3, then it must have periodic points of every other period?

(see the answer keys)

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