Chaos: Making a New Science Test | Mid-Book Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What controversial book did Thomas S. Kuhn publish in 1962?
(a) Period Three Implies Chaos.
(b) Fractals Everywhere.
(c) Physical Review Letters.
(d) The Structure of Scientific Revolutions.

2. What was the name of the computer manufacturing and retail division of Royal Typewriter which made the early computers RPC 4000 and RPC 9000?
(a) Royal Mathematics.
(b) Royal Information Systems.
(c) Royal Computing.
(d) Royal McBee.

3. Who is quoted in Chapter 1, "The Butterfly Effect" as saying "Physicists like to think that all you have to do is say, these are the conditions, now what happens next?"
(a) Thomas S. Kuhn.
(b) Richard Feynman.
(c) Stephen Spender.
(d) Edward Lorenz.

4. What refers to a computer program or network of computers that attempts to simulate an abstract model of a particular system?
(a) Computer hardware.
(b) Computer model.
(c) Computer army.
(d) Computer virus.

5. What refers to the sensitive dependence on initial conditions; where a small change at one place in a nonlinear system can result in large differences to a later state?
(a) Pufferfish effect.
(b) Butterfly effect.
(c) Kangaroo effect.
(d) Hummingbird effect.

6. What paper did James Yorke publish in 1975 concerning chaos?
(a) "Period Three Implies Chaos."
(b) "The Structure of Scientific Revolutions."
(c) "Physical Review Letters."
(d) "Deterministic Nonperiodic Flow."

7. What concept originated by Thomas S. Kuhn refers to the routine work of scientists experimenting within a paradigm, slowly accumulating detail in accord with established broad theory and not actually challenging or attempting to test the underlying assumptions of that theory?
(a) Science of commonality.
(b) Bland science.
(c) Normal science.
(d) Psuedoscience.

8. What is the social science that analyzes the production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services?
(a) Chaos theory.
(b) Physiology.
(c) Information theory.
(d) Economics.

9. Who does Gleick quote as saying "It does not say in the Bible that all laws of nature are expressible linearily!" in Chapter 3, "Life's Ups and Downs"?
(a) Wallace Stevens.
(b) Enrico Fermi.
(c) Stanislaw Ulam.
(d) James Yorke.

10. Where was Robert May born?
(a) Sydney, Australia.
(b) Berlin, Germany.
(c) Tokyo, Japan.
(d) Cairo, Egypt.

11. What refers to a change in the basic assumptions within the ruling theory of science?
(a) Fractal basin boundaries.
(b) Gradient.
(c) Paradigm shift.
(d) Theoretical physics.

12. Who is attributed with the following quote in Chapter 4, "A Geometry of Nature": "And yet relation appears, a small relation expanding like the shade of a cloud on sand, a shape on the side of the hill"?
(a) Wallace Stevens.
(b) Enrico Fermi.
(c) James Yorke.
(d) Robert May.

13. Robert May, like many before him, was confused by the changes when what was increased?
(a) Laminar flow.
(b) Energy.
(c) A parameter.
(d) Gradient.

14. What is the study of general and fundamental problems, such as those connected with existence, knowledge, values, reason, mind, and language?
(a) Meteorology.
(b) Biology.
(c) Philosophy.
(d) Information theory.

15. What did Foucault use as a way to demonstrate the earth's rotation, according to the author in Chapter 2, "Revolution"?
(a) A turkey baster.
(b) A six-foot wide magnifying glass.
(c) A twenty-story high pendulum.
(d) A softball.

Short Answer Questions

1. For what company had Benoit Mandelbrot been working in economics, studying distribution of various incomes in the economy when he was invited by Houthakker to speak at Harvard?

2. In mathematics and statistics, a _____ is a quantity that serves to relate functions and variables using a common variable when such a relationship would be difficult to explicate with an equation.

3. According to Gleick in Chapter 3, "Life's Ups and Downs," what will lead to an increased, steady state in the idealized population?

4. In statistics, what refers to any statistical relationship between two random variables or two sets of data?

5. Where is the National Weather Service headquartered?

(see the answer keys)

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