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Name: _________________________ | Period: ___________________ |

This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

## Multiple Choice Questions

**1. In Chapter 2, "Revolution," Gleick writes that the only problem with studying and experimenting with a new science is what?**
**(a)** There are no rules. **(b)** It requires a new language. **(c)** All the work is yet to be done. **(d)** No one will understand it.

**2. Who is attributed with the following quote in Chapter 4, "A Geometry of Nature": "And yet relation appears, a small relation expanding like the shade of a cloud on sand, a shape on the side of the hill"?**
**(a)** James Yorke. **(b)** Robert May. **(c)** Wallace Stevens. **(d)** Enrico Fermi.

**3. What refers to the sensitive dependence on initial conditions; where a small change at one place in a nonlinear system can result in large differences to a later state?**
**(a)** Hummingbird effect. **(b)** Kangaroo effect. **(c)** Butterfly effect. **(d)** Pufferfish effect.

**4. In what year did Edward Lorenz create a weather simulator as described in Chapter 1, "The Butterfly Effect"?**
**(a)** 1951. **(b)** 1948. **(c)** 1966. **(d)** 1960.

**5. What studies the behavior of dynamical systems that are highly sensitive to initial conditions?**
**(a)** Deterministic Nonperiodic Flow. **(b)** Nonlinear system. **(c)** Butterfly effect. **(d)** Chaos theory.

**6. Where was Thomas S. Kuhn born?**
**(a)** Cincinnati, Ohio. **(b)** Anchorage, Alaska. **(c)** Omaha, Nebraska. **(d)** Spearfish, South Dakota.

**7. What did Foucault use as a way to demonstrate the earth's rotation, according to the author in Chapter 2, "Revolution"?**
**(a)** A six-foot wide magnifying glass. **(b)** A softball. **(c)** A twenty-story high pendulum. **(d)** A turkey baster.

**8. What is the mathematical study of changes in the qualitative or topological structure of a given family, such as the integral curves of a family of vector fields, and the solutions of a family of differential equations?**
**(a)** Thermodynamics. **(b)** Theoretical physics. **(c)** Fluid dynamics. **(d)** Bifurcation theory.

**9. When was James Yorke born?**
**(a)** 1949. **(b)** 1932. **(c)** 1941. **(d)** 1937.

**10. What is the interdisciplinary scientific study of the atmosphere?**
**(a)** Meteorology. **(b)** Fractal compression. **(c)** Physiology. **(d)** Thermodynamics.

**11. What refers to a supercomputer manufacturer based in Seattle, Washington, and founded in 1972?**
**(a)** Cray. **(b)** More. **(c)** Bend. **(d)** Ting.

**12. From what institution did Thomas S. Kuhn earn his B.S., M.S. and Ph.D. degrees in physics?**
**(a)** Loyola University. **(b)** Princeton University. **(c)** Stanford University. **(d)** Harvard University.

**13. In the 1950s and 1960s what two technologies were maturing together, according to the author in Chapter 1, "The Butterfly Effect"?**
**(a)** The digital computer and television. **(b)** The space satellite and digital computer. **(c)** The automobile and space stellite. **(d)** The television and automobile.

**14. What was the profession of Benoit Mandelbrot's mother?**
**(a)** Writer. **(b)** Housekeeper. **(c)** Dentist. **(d)** Nurse.

**15. When was the Massachusetts Institute of Technology founded?**
**(a)** 1861. **(b)** 1877. **(c)** 1895. **(d)** 1823.

## Short Answer Questions

**1.** Where is the European Center for Medium Range Forecasts headquartered?

**2.** Where was James Yorke born?

**3.** One of the implications of what theorem is that if a continuous discrete dynamical system on the real line has a periodic point of period 3, then it must have periodic points of every other period?

**4.** James Yorke is credited with creating what term in reference to science?

**5.** When was Benoit Mandelbrot born?

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