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This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. Why does Turnus think he can beat Aeneas in single combat?
2. What had Jupiter forbidden to happen?
3. Who is Aeneas told will be willing to fight with him against the Latins?
4. What pictures are shown on the shield Venus gives to Aeneas?
5. Why does Nisus surrender to the Rutulians?
Short Essay Questions
1. Under what conditions does Jupiter allow Juno to remove Turnus from the fight?
2. How has King Latinus' method of dealing with the war changed since Book VII?
3. What transition occurs around lines 46-47 in Book VII and how does Virgil handle this shift?
4. Did Nisus and Euryalus act wisely when attempting to carry out their mission? Why or why not?
5. What does Evander tell Aeneas about Latin history?
6. What does Evander mean when he tells Aeneas that Aeneas must have the courage to shape himself to fit through the low doorway into Evander's humble home, besides the literal fact that Aeneas is too tall to walk through the doorway without stooping a bit?
7. Why does Juno send Juturna to interfere with the war?
8. What does the use of Iris as a messenger at the end of Book IX tell the reader about the balance of power between the gods?
9. What arguments does Sacës use to persuade Turnus to return to the fight?
10. Describe Latinus' actions once he sees his people fighting with the Trojans.
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Examine the role of signs, portents, omens, prophesies, and so forth in The Aeneid. What are some forms these signs take? Who sends them, if anyone? Can false signs be sent, and if so, for what purpose? How do people fare when they interpret signs correctly and follow them? How do they fare when they try to act against them?
Essay Topic 2
How are the gods and goddesses similar to and different from the human characters? Are they more moral? Wiser? More powerful? Address these questions as part of an essay on what kind of "people" the divine characters are.
Essay Topic 3
How much of Turnus' fate at the end of The Aeneid is due to fate, and how much is it due to fortune? As you answer, consider and discuss the following points:
1) What effect did Jupiter have on the outcome of the fight and why?
2) How might things have turned out differently if Turnus had not taken plunder from Pallas?
3) What has Jupiter said all along about the interworkings of fate and fortune and the time allotted each man to live?
This section contains 1,230 words
(approx. 5 pages at 300 words per page)