|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. Why does Juno craft a phantom Aeneas and lure Turnus onto a departing boat?
2. What mission do Nisus and Euryalus take on?
3. Which monsters help Vulcan in his forge?
4. What betrays the presence of Euryalus to the enemy?
5. How does Diomedes know Aeneas?
Short Essay Questions
1. What is the difference between what Arruns prays for and what he actually receives?
2. What arguments does Sacës use to persuade Turnus to return to the fight?
3. What does Evander tell Aeneas about Latin history?
4. How has King Latinus' method of dealing with the war changed since Book VII?
5. What false portent does Juturna send the Rutulians and how do they interpret it?
6. What does Evander mean when he tells Aeneas that Aeneas must have the courage to shape himself to fit through the low doorway into Evander's humble home, besides the literal fact that Aeneas is too tall to walk through the doorway without stooping a bit?
7. What suggestions are given in this book as to how the conflict can be resolved?
8. What are some actions that demonstrate the strong friendship between Nisus and Euryalus?
9. How might Turnus be turning into a mini-Achilles (as predicted) in Book IX?
10. Why would Aeneas' shield be covered with the deeds of his descendants?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Virgil uses foreshadowing for reasons such as to introduce events he will discuss in greater detail later, to create suspense, and to kindle his audience's interest so they will continue to listen to the story. Identify three examples of foreshadowing in this work, explain how they work, and identify what Virgil's purpose might have been for using them.
Essay Topic 2
Ultimately, how do you think Fate and Fortune work in the lives of any and all of the characters in The Aeneid? Use examples from the text to discuss issues such as:
1) How predetermined is fate and can it be changed? If so, by whom?
2) How are good or bad fortunes won?
3) How free or constrained are the gods and goddesses to act with or against fated outcomes?
Essay Topic 3
The Roman Emperor Augustus Caesar asked Virgil to write The Aeneid to celebrate his recent victory at the Battle of Actium, in which Augustus (then called Octavian) and his forces beat Mark Antony and the Egyptian ruler Cleopatra. This victory brought peace to the empire, and Octavian/Augustus worked thereafter to rule well. Looking at details in The Aeneid such as the subject matter depicted at the center of Aeneas' shield and all the references Virgil makes to the Rome of his time, discuss what purpose Virgil's work might have served at the time.
This section contains 1,366 words
(approx. 5 pages at 300 words per page)