Community Civics and Rural Life eBook

This eBook from the Gutenberg Project consists of approximately 466 pages of information about Community Civics and Rural Life.
Table of Contents
Section Page

Start of eBook1
THE WANT FOR WEALTH1
THESE WANTS GIVE PURPOSE TO COMMUNITY LIFE1
THE PURPOSE OF DEMOCRACY2
OUR UNALIENABLE RIGHTS3
READINGS4
CHAPTER II4
INTERDEPENDENCE AN IMPORTANT FACT4
INDEPENDENCE OF THE PIONEER5
THE PRICE OF INDEPENDENCE6
THE GROWTH OF INTERDEPENDENCE6
THE DEPENDENCE ON OTHERS OF THE MODERN FARMER6
THE VALUE OF SELF-RELIANCE7
WHO MAKES OUR SHOES7
HELD BACK BY NEIGHBORS7
WHAT GIVES VALUE TO LAND8
INTERDEPENDENCE IN HEALTH8
UNEXPECTED RESULTS OF INTERDEPENDENCE9
CONFLICTS DUE TO INTERDEPENDENCE9
DANGER OF HASTY JUDGMENTS10
READINGS11
CHAPTER III11
THE NEED FOR TEAMWORK11
SIMPLE TYPES OF COOPERATION11
ORGANIZED COOPERATION AND LEADERSHIP12
VOLUNTARY COOPERATION IN CITIES13
COOPERATION IN RURAL COMMUNITIES13
THE FARM BUREAU14
A CASE OF COUNTY COOPERATION15
PUBLIC LIBRARY AS AN EXAMPLE16
NATION-WIDE COOPERATION16
FARMERS’ ORGANIZATIONS16
COOPERATION A MATTER OF HABIT17
READINGS18
CHAPTER IV18
GOVERNMENT A MEANS TO SECURE COOPERATION18
IN EDUCATION18
IN FIRE PROTECTION19
IN ROAD BUILDING19
IN HEALTH PROTECTION20
IN STATE AND NATIONAL AFFAIRS20
GOVERNMENT TO HELP AND NOT TO REPRESS21
LAWS AS SIGNALS OF COOPERATION21
LAWS AS RULES OF THE GAME21
LAW GIVES FREEDOM22
THE ORIGIN OF LAW22
THE SECOND ELEMENT IN DEMOCRACY:  CONTROL BY THE PEOPLE23
TWO HISTORIC DOCUMENTS23
DEMOCRACY A GOAL STILL TO BE REACHED24
READINGS25
CHAPTER V25
WHAT MEMBERSHIP MEANS25
IN THE BODY25
IN THE COMMUNITY26
CITIZENSHIP MEANS MEMBERSHIP26
TRAINED AND UNTRAINED CITIZENS26
WHO ARE CITIZENS26
READINGS27
CHAPTER VI28
ELEMENTS THAT MAKE A COMMUNITY28
LARGE AND SMALL COMMUNITIES28
INTERDEPENDENCE OF RURAL AND CITY COMMUNITIES28
NEED FOR RURAL AND CITY TEAMWORK29
SMALL COMMUNITIES UNITE IN LARGE ONES30
COMMON INTERESTS OF THE LARGER COMMUNITY30
COMMUNITIES IN THE LARGER COMMUNITIES31
READINGS32
CHAPTER VII32
IMPERFECTIONS OF OUR NATIONAL COMMUNITY32
LOYALTY TO IDEALS33
WELDING OF THE NATION BY WAR33
DIVERSE ELEMENTS IN OUR NATION34
LOYALTY OF DIVERSE ELEMENTS34
NATIONAL SAFETY DEPENDS ON HARMONY34
THE EFFECT OF A COMMON PURPOSE35
OUR NATIONAL PURPOSE35
NATIONAL INTERDEPENDENCE36
NATION-BUILDING IN WAR TIME37
THE “SUPREME TEST” OF THE NATION38
THE NATION AS A TEAM38
CONFUSION WITHOUT ORGANIZATION39
NATIONAL TEAM WORK THROUGH GOVERNMENT39
THE SELECTIVE DRAFT AS AN ILLUSTRATION OF TEAM WORK40
TEAM WORK THROUGH THE FOOD ADMINISTRATION40
DEMOCRACY A PARTNERSHIP41
EVERY MAN COUNTS41
READINGS42
CHAPTER VIII42
WHAT THE WAR DISCLOSED WITH REGARD TO A WORLD COMMUNITY43
AMERICA’S DETACHMENT FROM THE WORLD43
NATIONS HAVE BECOME CLOSE NEIGHBORS43
WHAT THE WORLD WAS FIGHTING FOR44
AMERICA HAS FOUGHT FOR THE FREEDOM OF OTHERS45
THE GROWTH OF HUMAN SYMPATHY45
INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION45
SERVICE OF THE RED CROSS46
THE MOVEMENT FOR WORLD PEACE46
PAN-AMERICAN UNION46
INTERNATIONAL GOVERNMENT47
NATIONALITY AND SOVEREIGNTY47
A LEAGUE OF NATIONS47
MIGHT DOES NOT MAKE RIGHT48
WHAT “AMERICA FIRST” MEANS48
READINGS49
CHAPTER IX50
THE PIONEER FAMILY50
EFFECT OF COMMUNITY GROWTH51
DEPENDENCE OF THE CITY HOME51
THE OBLIGATION OF THE HOME51
IMPORTANCE OF THE HOME IN RURAL COMMUNITIES51
LABOR SAVING IN THE HOME52
EQUAL OPPORTUNITIES IN THE HOME53
COMMUNITY COOPERATION AND THE HOME54
GOVERNMENT SERVES THE HOME54
WHAT ONE GIRL ACCOMPLISHED55
NATIONAL AID TO THE HOME55
READINGS56
CHAPTER X57
RELATION OF HOME CONDITIONS TO INDUSTRY57
STRENGTH OF THE NATION DEPENDS ON THE HOME58
COMMUNITY PLANNING58
PLANNING THE FARMSTEAD58
THE HOME AND COMMUNITY STABILITY59
EFFECTS OF DECLINE OF HOME OWNERSHIP60
THE TENANT AS A CITIZEN61
TEAMWORK BETWEEN LANDLORD AND TENANT61
THE HOME A SCHOOL OF CITIZENSHIP62
READINGS63
CHAPTER XI63
LIVING, NOT EARNING, THE END IN VIEW63
IMPORTANCE OF VOCATIONAL LIFE64
DEPENDENCE OF THE PIONEER65
DEPENDENCE OF THE MODERN FARMER66
EARNING BY SERVICE66
LIVING WITHOUT EARNING67
INHERITED WEALTH67
UNFAIR COMPENSATION FOR SERVICE67
GOVERNMENT INTERESTED IN PRODUCTION68
THE “NATIONAL SERVICE ARMY” OF PRODUCERS68
PROBLEM OF THE UNEMPLOYED69
THE RIGHT OF THE COMMUNITY TO INDUSTRY70
SATISFACTION IN SERVICE71
IMPORTANCE OF A RIGHT CHOICE71
A CHOICE OF VOCATION IS INEVITABLE71
THE MEANING OF OUR WORK TO THE COMMUNITY72
FREEDOM, EQUALITY AND JUSTICE72
A DAY OF SPECIALISTS72
THE NECESSITY FOR TRAINING73
HASTY ENTRANCE UPON VOCATIONAL LIFE73
PATRIOTISM IN VOCATIONAL LIFE73
READINGS74
CHAPTER XII74
GAINFUL OCCUPATIONS IN THE UNITED STATES74
IMPORTANCE OF AGRICULTURE75
STATE DEPARTMENTS OF AGRICULTURE75
DUTIES OF STATE DEPARTMENTS OF AGRICULTURE75
AGRICULTURAL COLLEGES AND EXPERIMENT STATIONS76
AGRICULTURE A NATIONAL ENTERPRISE77
EARLY NATIONAL SUPPORT OF AGRICULTURE77
CREATION OF DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE78
NATIONAL COOPERATION WITH THE STATES78
REGULATORY POWERS OF THE DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE81
SERVICE OF OTHER DEPARTMENTS OF GOVERNMENT82
THE QUESTION OF LABOR SUPPLY83
THE UNITED STATES EMPLOYMENT SERVICE83
EMPLOYMENT SERVICE IN PEACE TIME84
NATIONAL VOCATIONAL GUIDANCE84
GOVERNMENT ALWAYS AT OUR SERVICE85
READINGS85
CHAPTER XIII86
NATIONAL IMPORTANCE OF THRIFT86
LESSONS OF THE WAR86
THRIFT AS PATRIOTISM87
THRIFT A RIGHT AS WELL AS A DUTY87
THRIFT IN EARNING88
THRIFT IN SPENDING88
CHOOSING WHAT TO SPEND88
TESTS FOR SPENDING89
THRIFT IN MANAGEMENT90
THRIFT IN SAVING91
AMERICAN EXTRAVAGANCE92
WHAT SMALL SAVINGS WILL DO92
VALUE OF BY-PRODUCTS92
WASTEFULNESS IN FARMING93
THRIFT IN INVESTMENT94
BORROWING95
CREDIT95
COOPERATION FOR CREDIT96
NATIONAL AID TO THE FARMERS’ CREDIT96
PARTNERSHIP IN THE NATION’S BUSINESS97
OPPORTUNITIES FOR INVESTMENT97
POSTAL SAVINGS SYSTEM98
LENDING TO THE GOVERNMENT98
INSURANCE99
READINGS99
CHAPTER XIV100
IMPORTANCE OF GEOGRAPHICAL CONDITIONS101
ESTABLISHING RELATIONS WITH THE LAND101
AGRICULTURE MEANS A SETTLED LIFE101
PROTECTING OWNERSHIP OF LAND102
TRANSFERS OF LAND102
THE SURVEY OF THE PUBLIC LANDS102
THE PUBLIC LANDS104
DISPOSAL OF THE PUBLIC LANDS104
HOMESTEAD ACTS105
RECLAMATION OF LANDS BY SOLDIERS106
LAND SETTLEMENT IN CALIFORNIA106
THE NATION’S INTERESTS ARE FIRST107
SAFEGUARDING THE INTERESTS OF INDIVIDUALS107
ABUSE OF LAND LAWS108
RAILROAD LANDS108
LANDS FOR PUBLIC SCHOOLS109
LAND MONOPOLY AND TENANTRY109
RESPONSIBILITY FOR LAND FRAUDS109
THE RIGHT OF EMINENT DOMAIN110
THE POLICE POWER OF THE GOVERNMENT110
POLITICAL RELATIONS WITH THE LAND111
READINGS111
CHAPTER XV112
RESOURCES OF THE SOIL112
PRODUCTION IN BUSHELS PER ACRE UNDER CULTIVATION IN 1913112
WASTEFULNESS OF EARLY FARMING112
IDLE LANDS113
RECLAMATION OF ARID LANDS113
RECLAMATION BY STATES AND PRIVATE ENTERPRISE114
SWAMP LANDS115
CONSERVATION OF WATER POWER116
CONSERVATION OF FLOOD WATERS116
FUEL RESOURCES116
DESTRUCTION BY FLOODS117
THE FOREST RESERVES117
WORK OF THE FOREST SERVICE117
WASTE OF TIMBER RESOURCES118
STATE FORESTS119
PRIVATELY OWNED TIMBERLANDS119
VOLUNTARY PROTECTIVE ASSOCIATIONS120
EROSION120
MINERAL RESOURCES120
READINGS121
CHAPTER XVI122
DESTRUCTION OF PROPERTY122
THE NATIONAL LOSS FROM PROPERTY DESTRUCTION122
THE SERVICE OF GOVERMENT123
LEADERSHIP AND COOPERATION123
NATIONAL COOPERATION FOR FLOOD PREVENTION123
WORK OF THE UNITED STATES WEATHER BUREAU124
FIRE PROTECTION IN RURAL COMMUNITIES126
FIRE INSURANCE126
FARMERS’ COOPERATIVE INSURANCE126
POLICE PROTECTION127
RURAL POLICE PROTECTION127
VANDALISM128
THE SACREDNESS OF PROPERTY RIGHTS129
CONSTITUTIONAL GUARANTEES OF PROPERTY RIGHTS129
OUR NATIONAL ARMY130
THE SERVICE OF THE COURTS130
THE RIGHTS OF ACCUSED PERSONS130
READINGS131
CHAPTER XVII131
STUDIES OF THE OFFICE OF PUBLIC ROADS131
SPOTSYLVANIA COUNTY, VA132
MOVEMENT FOR ROAD IMPROVEMENT132
COST MUST BE JUSTIFIED132
STATE AND LOCAL COOPERATION132
MONEY FOR REPAIRS133
EFFECT OF IMPROVEMENTS ON LAND VALUES133
THE AVERAGE HAUL133
MONEY VALUE OF GOOD ROADS134
GOOD ROADS AND COMMUNITY LIFE134
ROAD MAKING A COOPERATIVE ENTERPRISE134
ROAD MAKING A JOB FOR EXPERTS135
VALUE OF COUNTRY ROADS TO CITIES135
GOOD ROADS NOT MERELY OF LOCAL CONCERN135
EARLY NATIONAL INTEREST IN ROAD BUILDING135
POOR ROADS IN THE UNITED STATES136
STATE CONTROL OF HIGHWAYS136
RECENT PROGRESS UNDER STATE CONTROL136
WORK OF THE NATIONAL GOVERNMENT FOR ROAD IMPROVEMENT137
FEDERAL AID ROAD ACT138
RESPONSIBILITY OF THE STATE138
RESULTS OF FEDERAL AID138
THE NATION’S INTEREST IN TRANSPORTATION139
GOVERNMENT CONTROL OF RAILROADS139
INTERSTATE COMMERCE140
GOVERNMENT RAILROAD ADMINISTRATION IN WAR140
ADVANTAGES OF GOVERNMENT MANAGEMENT140
WATER TRANSPORTATION141
EFFECT OF WAR UPON OUR MERCHANT MARINE141
READINGS142
CHAPTER XVIII143
LANGUAGE AS A MEANS OF COMMUNICATION143
EFFECTS OF ILLITERACY AND INABILITY TO USE ENGLISH144
THE PRINTING PRESS AND NEWSPAPERS145
THE RIGHT OF FREE SPEECH145
PROPAGANDA146
THE DEVELOMENT OF PUBLIC OPINION146
THE CONTROL OF FREE SPEECH AND A FREE PRESS147
POST-OFFICES AND POST-ROADS147
RURAL MAIL ROUTES148
SPECIAL SERVICES OF THE POST-OFFICE DEPARTMENT148
TRANSPORTATION OF THE MAILS149
THE TELEGRAPH149
THE TELEPHONE149
READINGS151
CHAPTER XIX151
DEMOCRACY DEPENDS UPON EDUCATION151
GOVERNMENT BY MEANS OF EDUCATION152
THE COST OF EDUCATION152
INEQUALITY OF EDUCATIONAL REQIUIREMENTS152
THE DISTRICT SCHOOL153
TOWNSHIP ORGANIZATION154
COUNTY ORGANIZATION154
ADVANTAGES OF SCHOOL CONSOLIDATION154
DEVELOPMENT OF THE HIGH SCHOOL156
EDUCATION FOR PHYSICAL FITNESS156
HEALTH WORK IN CITY AND RURAL SCHOOLS OF THE UNITED STATES157
EDUCATION FOR VOCATIONAL FITNESS157
NATIONAL AID FOR VOCATIONAL EDUCATION157
BREADTH OF PREPARATION FOR VOCATIONAL LIFE157
MAKING LIFE EDUCATIONAL158
EDUCATION FOR LIVING TOGETHER158
THE SCHOOL AS A COMMUNITY CENTER158
STATE ORGANIZATION FOR EDUCATION159
RELATION OF STATE TO LOCAL ORGANIZATION160
HIGHER EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS160
POLICY OF THE NATIONAL GOVERNMENT TOWARD EDUCATION160
THE UNITED STATES BUREAU OF EDUCATION160
READINGS161
CHAPTER XX162
PHYSICAL DEFECTS AND THE NATIONAL DEFENSE162
PHYSICAL DEFECTS AND THE NATION’S INDUSTRY162
EDUCATION AND PHYSICAL DEFECTS163
PHYSICAL UNFITNESS IN RURAL COMMUNITIES163
RURAL AND CITY SCHOOL CHILDREN COMPARED164
BETTER CONDITIONS IN CITIES DUE TO ORGANIZED TEAM WORK164
SCHOOLS AS AN AGENCY FOR HEALTH CONSERVATION165
HEALTH EDUCATION FOR ADULTS IN CITIES165
AGENCIES FOR HEALTH EDUCATION IN RURAL COMMUNITIES165
RESPONSIBILITY OF THE HOME165
THE IMPORTANCE OF PURE AIR166
BAD AIR AND THE SPREAD OF DISEASE166
PURE WATER AND HEALTH166
PURE FOOD AND HEALTH166
SANITATION IN CITIES167
FLIES AS DISEASE CARRIERS167
DANGER FROM MOSQUITOES167
POLLUTED SOIL AND HOOKWORM DISEASE168
NATIONAL CONTROL OF HEALTH CONSERVATION169
HEALTH WORK OF THE DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE169
THE PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE169
HEALTH WORK OF OTHER DEPARTMENTS169
STATE RESPONSIBILITY FOR HEALTH PROTECTION170
NEW YORK STATE ORGANIZATION170
LOCAL ORGANIZATION FOR HEALTH PROTECTION170
EXAMPLE OF NORTH CAROLINA171
READINGS172
CHAPTER XXI173
HAPPINESS THROUGH SERVICE173
SATISFACTION OF HIGHER WANTS173
EQUALITY OF OPPORTUNITY TO ENJOY LIFE173
RECREATION AND SOCIAL LIFE174
OPPORTUNITIES FOR PLAY IN CITIES174
PLAY IN RURAL COMMUNITIES174
ARGUMENT FOR SCHOOL CONSOLIDATION174
MEANING OF RECREATION175
THE HABIT OF PLAY175
LEISURE A REQUIREMENT175
A LIVING WAGE A NECESSITY175
THE WISE USE OF LEISURE176
RURAL OPPORTUNITIES FOR RECREATION176
IMPROVED CONDITIONS ON THE FARM177
FACILITIES FOR DISSIPATION177
FACILITIES FOR RECREATION177
OPPORTUNITIES AFFORDED BY THE CONSOLIDATED SCHOOL178
NEED FOR LEADERSHIP178
KNOWING HOW TO USE OPPORTUNITIES178
ATTRACTIVE SURROUNDINGS179
ITS CULTIVATION179
IMPORTANCE OF APPEARANCES180
A COMMUNITY JUDGED BY APPEARANCES180
COMMUNITY INTEREST IN BEAUTY180
COMMUNITY PLANNING181
INFLUENCE OF EXAMPLE181
RELIGIOUS LIFE AND AGENCIES182
RELIGION A MEANS OF CONTROL182
RELIGIOUS DIFFERENCES AN OBSTACLE TO TEAM WORK182
SOCIAL SERVICE OF THE CHURCH183
READINGS183
CHAPTER XXII184
WHO CONSTITUTE DEPENDENTS, DEFECTIVES, AND DELINQUENTS184
RELATION OF THE FAMILY TO THE PROBLEM184
TREATMENT IN EARLY TIMES185
REDUCING THE WASTAGE OF HUMAN LIFE185
RESPONSIBILITY OF EACH COMMUNITY185
THE LOCAL ALMSHOUSE AND ITS DEFECTS185
SHORT-SIGHTED POLICY185
REMEDIES PROPOSED186
PURPOSE OF STATE INSTITUTIONS186
COOPERATION FOR “OUTDOOR” RELIEF186
VOLUNTARY AGENCIES187
CHARITY ORGANIZATION187
GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATION FOR POOR RELIEF188
RELATION BETWEEN STATE AND LOCAL ORGANIZATION188
CAUSES OF DEPENDENCY MUST BE REMOVED188
SOCIAL INSURANCE189
THE CRIMINAL CLASS190
WHAT CRIME IS190
EARLY METHODS OF TREATING CRIMINALS190
REHABILITATION OF CRIMINALS190
THE LOCAL JAIL191
NEEDED REFORM OF THE JAIL191
FITTING THE TREATMENT TO THE OFFENDER191
STATE INSTITUTIONS FOR DELINQUENTS192
ADMINISTRATION OF STATE PRISONS192
JUVENILE OFFENDERS192
READINGS193
CHAPTER XXIII194
THE DISLIKE OF THE PEOPLE FOR TAXATION194
WHAT TAXATION MEANS IN A DEMOCRACY194
THE RETURNS FROM TAXATION194
BENEFITS OF TEAM WORK IN TAXATION195
MISUSE OF TAXES195
A CAUSE OF DISSATISFACTION195
TAXATION MUST BE JUST196
HOW THE AMOUNT TO BE RAISED IS DETERMINED196
TAXES ON PERSONS, PROPERTY, AND PRIVILEGES196
THE RATE OF TAXATION197
DIFFICULTY OF JUST ASSESSMENT197
RESPONSIBILITY OF PROPERTY OWNERS197
ILLUSTRATIONS OF UNJUST ASSESSMENTS197
PUBLIC AND PRIVATE HONESTY198
GOOD SENSE AND GOOD BUSINESS198
INTELLIGENCE AND PUBLICITY NEEDED199
TAXATION BY THE NATIONAL GOVERNMENT199
ADVANTAGES OF INDIRECT TAXATION200
FEDERAL INCOME TAX200
WAR TAXES201
GOVERNMENT LOANS201
READINGS201
CHAPTER XXIV202
GOVERNMENT AS A PROTECTOR OF INDIVIDUAL INITIATIVE202
GOVERNMENT AS A PERFORMER OF SERVICE202
VIEWS OF THE SOCIALISTS203
ORGANIZATION FOR SERVICE AND FOR CONTROL203
DIRECT SELF-GOVERNMENT204
REPRESENTATIVE SELF-GOVERNMENT204
DIRECT SELF-GOVERNMENT THROUGH CONSTITUTIONS204
DIRECT LAWMAKING:  INITIATIVE AND REFERENDUM205
DEMOCRACY OF THE WEST205
THE SUFFRAGE205
EARLY DISTRUST OF THE PEOPLE206
QUALIFICATIONS FOR THE SUFFRAGE206
WOMAN SUFFRAGE206
MAJORITY AND MINORITY RULE207
POLITICAL PARTIES208
MISCHIEFS OF THE PARTY SPIRIT208
VALUE OF MINORITY OPPOSITION208
HOW MINORITIES MAY GAIN CONTROL209
ORGANIZATION OF PARTIES AND ITS CONTROL209
CAUSES OF SOCIAL UNREST210
GOVERNMENT IN THE INTEREST OF ALL CLASSES210
THE SHORT BALLOT210
THE SECRET BALLOT211
THE DIRECT PRIMARY212
PREFERENTIAL PRIMARIES212
THE RIGHTS OF MINORITIES212
THE RECALL213
PROPORTIONAL REPRESENTATION OF PARTIES213
DIFFERENT BASES OF REPRESENTATION213
READINGS214
CHAPTER XXV215
UNITS OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT215
THE NEW ENGLAND TOWN215
THE TOWN MEETING215
NEW ENGLAND TOWN OFFICERS216
THE TOWN WARRANT216
THE VALUE OF THE TOWN MEETING217
WEAKENING OF GOVERNMENT BY TOWN MEETING217
INFLUENCES LEADING TO DECLINE218
THE FINANCE COMMITTEE:  A MEANS OF BETTER SERVICE218
TOWN PLANNING219
NEED FOR CITIZEN COOPERATION219
VOLUNTARY COMMUNITY ORGANIZATION219
COMMUNITY ORGANIZATION IN MASSACHUSETTS220
OFFICIAL AND UNOFFICIAL TEAMWORK220
TOWNSHIP GOVERNMENT OUTSIDE OF NEW ENGLAND221
THE COUNTY222
TYPES OF COUNTY GOVERNMENT222
COUNTY OFFICERS222
LACK OF INTEREST IN COUNTY GOVERNMENT223
EFFECTS OF THE LONG BALLOT223
GOVERNMENT WITHOUT A HEAD223
BAD BUSINESS METHODS224
OUR LOCAL GOVERNMENTS224
THE FEE SYSTEM225
THE FAULT WITH THE CITIZEN225
THE COUNTY AS A SUBDIVISION OF THE STATE227
THE NECESSITY FOR STATE CONTROL227
THE GROWTH OF URBAN COMMUNITIES228
GOVERNMENT OF VILLAGES AND INCORPORATED TOWNS228
CITY GOVERNMENT229
CHANGES IN URBAN GOVERNMENT FOR BETTER SERVICE AND BETTER CONTROL229
READINGS230
CHAPTER XXVI231
SOURCE OF GOVERNING POWER231
THE STATE CONSTITUTION231
CAUSE OF LENGTH OF STATE CONSTITUTIONS231
A REPUBLICAN FORM OF GOVERNMENT232
SEPARATION OF POWERS232
THE GOVERNOR232
THE GOVERNOR’S VARIED DUTIES233
THE GOVERNOR’S PART IN LAWMAKING233
GROWING INFLUENCE OF THE GOVERNOR233
WEAKNESS OF THE STATE EXECUTIVE233
COMPARISON OF STATE WITH NATIONAL EXECUTIVE233
BEWILDERING COMPLEXITY OF ADMINISTRATIVE OFFICES234
GOVERNOR LACKS POWER TO MEET HIS RESPONSIBILITY234
UNSUCCESSFUL EFFORTS AT POPULAR CONTROL234
EXPERIMENT NECESSARY TO PROGRESS235
REORGANIZATION OF EXECUTIVE235
THE LEGISLATIVE BRANCH236
THE TWO HOUSES236
DEFECTS IN DISTRIBUTION OF REPRESENTATION237
ATTITUDE OF THE PEOPLE TOWARD THEIR LEGISLATURES238
LEGISLATIVE REFERENCE BUREAUS239
THE COMMITTEE SYSTEM OF LEGISLATION239
INVISIBLE GOVERNMENT239
EVILS OF THE SYSTEM240
EFFORTS TO CURB POWER OF LEGISLATURES241
INEFFICIENT BUSINESS METHODS OF STATE GOVERNMENTS242
WASTEFUL METHODS OF MAKING APPROPRIATIONS242
THE BUDGET SYSTEM243
THE JUDICIAL BRANCH243
CIVIL AND CRIMINAL CASES243
JUSTICES’ COURTS244
COUNTY COURTS244
THE COMMUNITY IN COURT244
RIGHTS OF THE ACCUSED245
CIRCUIT OR SUPERIOR COURTS245
THE STATE SUPREME COURT245
OTHER COURTS245
SELECTION OF JUDGES246
READINGS247
CHAPTER XXVII247
THE REVOLUTIONARY GOVERNMENT247
THE CRITICAL PERIOD247
THE NEW CONSTITUTION248
POPULAR CONTROL THROUGH THE CONSTITUTION248
OUR GOVERNMENT A GROWING THING249
DEFECTS INEVITABLE249
THE BILL OF RIGHTS249
A GOVERNMENT OF DELEGATED POWERS250
THE SCOPE OF NATIONAL POWERS250
THE SYSTEM OF CHECKS AND BALANCES250
ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES OF CHECKS AND BALANCES251
THE IMPLIED POWERS OF THE NATIONAL GOVERNMENT251
EXPANSION OF POWERS BY JUDICIAL DECISION252
THE EXECUTIVE CENTRALIZED AND CONTROLLED253
METHOD OF ELECTING THE PRESIDENT253
DEPARTURE FROM THE INTENTION OF THE CONSTITUTION253
THE VICE-PRESIDENT254
GROWTH OF THE NATIONAL SERVICE ORGANIZATION254
THE ADMINISTRATIVE DEPARTMENTS254
OTHER ADMINISTRATIVE AGENCIES256
THE CIVIL SERVICE256
REFORM OF THE CIVIL SERVICE257
RESPONSIVE AND RESPONSIBLE LEADERSHIP258
LEADERSHIP OF THE PRESIDENT258
CONTROL OF LEADERSHIP IN ENGLAND259
GROWTH OF IRRESPONSIBLE LEADERSHIP259
THE CONGRESS260
THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES260
THE SENATE260
EXCLUSIVE POWERS OF EACH HOUSE260
ORGANIZATION OF CONGRESS261
THE COMMITTEE SYSTEM261
DIFFUSED LEADERSHIP IN CONGRESS262
RELATION BETWEEN EXECUTIVE AND LEGISTLATIVE BRANCHES262
THE DUTY OF CONGRESS TO WATCH THE EXECUTIVE262
RESPONSIBILITY FOR APPROPRIATIONS263
DUPLICATION AND CONFUSION IN THE EXECUTIVE BRANCH263
APPROPRIATIONS MADE MORE OR LESS BLINDLY264
THE PRINCIPLES OF A BUDGET SYSTEM264
THE NEED FOR CENTRALIZING APPROPRIATIONS264
RESPONSIBILITY OF THE CITIZEN265
THE NATIONAL JUDICIARY266
POWERS OF THE FEDERAL COURTS266
READINGS267
APPENDIX268
PREAMBLE268
ARTICLE I. THE LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT268
SECTION II.  HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES268
SECTION VII.  MODE OF PASSING LAWS270
AMENDMENTS277
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Community Civics and Rural Life from Project Gutenberg. Public domain.
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