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**1. The first example Paulos uses about percentages relates to weather forecasters. What is the mistake?**

Paulos uses a common error made by weather forecasters. A weather forecaster may announce a 50% chance of rain on Saturday and a 50% chance of rain on Sunday, which means a 100% chance of rain over the weekend, which is false.

**2. What do doctors often do that is mathematically incorrect?**

Paulos finds that doctors are rarely correct in estimating a patient's chance for success during surgery. If a doctor says that there is one in a million chances of a mishap, then the follow up remark that the procedure is 99% safe is incorrect.

**3. How does Paulos compare misuse of language to the misuse of calculating probability?**

While a grammarian may cringe over a misused word, one would rarely recognize an egregious error when another estimates probability.

**4. What is the example used to separate numerates from innumerates?**

There are innumerates who have little to no grasp on math, and then there are those like the Indian mathematician Ramanujan who see everything in mathematical terms.

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