Study Guide

Vintage Hughes - October 16: The Raid Summary & Analysis

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October 16: The Raid Summary

This poem references John Brown's raid on Harper's Ferry, in which he attempted to start an armed rebellion of slaves, along with abolitionists. The poem is addressed to modern black Americans, who have been free for many years, and asks them to remember Brown.

October 16: The Raid Analysis

The poem is a memorial to the white John Brown, who died for the cause of black slaves before the Civil War. Brown was hanged for leading the raid on the military armory at Harper's Ferry, which Hughes describes as being alive with ghosts today. Brown's struggle, Hughes suggests, has not ended though black Americans have been many years free.

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This section contains 115 words
(approx. 1 page at 400 words per page)
Buy the Vintage Hughes Study Guide
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Nonfiction Classics for Students
Vintage Hughes from Nonfiction Classics for Students. ©2005-2006 Thomson Gale, a part of the Thomson Corporation. All rights reserved.
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