Compare & Contrast Tess of the d'Urbervilles by Thomas Hardy

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1890s: The rural population was forced to move toward urban areas as low prices and industrialization of farm equipment made smaller farms less profitable.

Today: Family-run farms are disappearing across the United States at the rate of several hundred a year, primarily due to large corporations controlling food production and pricing.

1890s: The advent of rail transportation from rural to the teeming cities of the late nineteenth century made dairy farming more attractive than crop farming, since production was less weather dependent, costs were lower, and an ever-expanding customer-base was within easy reach.

Today: While small dairies still exist, increasing production costs and lower prices have forced many dairy farmers to sell out to larger concerns with an average dairy in the western United States milking one to two thousand cows.

1890s: Women could not divorce their husbands, even for having an affair, unless they could prove...

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This section contains 355 words
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Buy the Tess of the d'Urbervilles Study Guide
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Tess of the d'Urbervilles from Novels for Students. ©2005-2006 Thomson Gale, a part of the Thomson Corporation. All rights reserved.