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A History of Western Philosophy - Book 3: Chapter 3, Machiavelli Summary & Analysis

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Book 3: Chapter 3, Machiavelli Summary and Analysis

The Renaissance was the period in which Niccolo Machiavelli, a political philosopher developed. His philosophy was scientific and empirical, drawing on his own experiences of gaining ends regardless the means. He was born in Florentine (1467-1527) and his father was a lawyer. After Savonarola's execution Machiavelli worked in the Florentine government (1498). He remained there until the Medici was restored in 1512. His hostile attitude towards them led to his arrest although he was pardoned. He retired in the country, writing books such as "the Prince" and "the Discourses".

"The Prince" delineates the way principalities were won, held, and lost. Few Italian rulers obtained their positions in an honest way, while popes engaged in corruption to ensure their election. Machiavelli used various examples, such as Borgia, who never hesitated to gain advantage. He wanted to please the Medici, as...

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This section contains 523 words
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