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A History of Western Philosophy - Book 2: Chapter 4, Saint Augustine's Philosophy and Theology Summary & Analysis

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Book 2: Chapter 4, Saint Augustine's Philosophy and Theology Summary and Analysis

Saint Augustine wrote many books on theology. In pure philosophy he agreed with Scripture although he was inspired by the lack of agreement between Platonism and Genesis. In his Confessions he dealt with the creation that according to the Old Testament occurred out of nothing. It was God though, who gave form to primitive matter according to Plato and Aristotle. Plato and Aristotle thought of God as an architect and not Creator. Substance was to be eternal and uncreated while only form could be shaped by God. Saint Augustine claimed that the world was made out of nothing.

According to the Greek view, creation out of nothing was not possible and took place at various periods in Christian times, leading to Pantheism, where God and the world were the...

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