"Who Lost China" Debate - Research Article from Americans at War

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Chinese Civil War and the Beginnings of the Red Scare

Even the most unsympathetic scholars of the Truman presidency have had to admit that Truman inherited a nearly impossible position in China. During the Second World War, Roosevelt had managed to avert a Chinese civil war by persuading both Mao's communists and the Kuomintang, Chiang Kai-shek's political party, that a coalition between them was necessary to fight the Japanese occupation. Roosevelt had also reached an agreement at Yalta for limited Soviet influence on Chinese affairs. In December 1945 Truman appointed General George C. Marshall as his special representative to China and instructed him to pursue the creation of a coalition government in which the Kuomintang would be predominant. Marshall was initially successful, but increasing Cold War tensions and Chiang Kai-shek's military attack on the communists in 1946 revived the civil war, which Mao won three years...

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This section contains 1,293 words
(approx. 5 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the "Who Lost China" Debate Encyclopedia Article
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"Who Lost China" Debate from Americans at War. Copyright © 2001-2006 by Macmillan Reference USA, an imprint of the Gale Group. All rights reserved.
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