Watson, John Broadus (1878-1958) - Research Article from Encyclopedia of Childhood and Adolescence

This encyclopedia article consists of approximately 3 pages of information about Watson, John Broadus (1878-1958).
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American psychologist and founder of behaviorism.

John Broadus Watson is best known as the founder of behaviorism, which he defined as an experimental branch of natural science aimed at the prediction and control of behavior. Its model was based on Ivan Pavlov's studies of conditioned reflex: every conduct is a response to a stimulus or to a complex set of stimulus situations. From birth, a few stimuli elicit definite reactions. But most behaviors are conditioned; they result from the association of unconditioned stimuli to other stimuli.

Watson was born in 1878 to a poor, rural South Carolina family. His mother was a pious Baptist; his father left the family in 1891. After taking a traditional classical curriculum at Furman University, he studied philosophy at the University of Chicago. Disappointed with John Dewey's teaching, he began work in animal psychology, and received his Ph.D...

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This section contains 801 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Watson, John Broadus (1878-1958) Encyclopedia Article
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Watson, John Broadus (1878-1958) from Gale. ©2005-2006 Thomson Gale, a part of the Thomson Corporation. All rights reserved.
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