Washington, Booker T. - Research Article from Development of the Industrial U.S. Reference Library

This encyclopedia article consists of approximately 10 pages of information about Washington, Booker T..
This section contains 2,845 words
(approx. 10 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Washington, Booker T. Encyclopedia Article

Booker T. Washington

Born April 5, 1856 (Franklin County, Virginia)

Died November 14, 1915 (Tuskegee, Alabama)

Educator

Activist

Writer

Booker T. Washington was the first national leader for millions of African Americans at the turn of the twentieth century. The founder of an all-black school in Alabama called the Tuskegee Institute, Washington urged the South's eight million freed slaves and their descendants to continue to farm and do manual labor. Through hard work, he believed, they would prosper and someday enjoy the same rights and privileges as white Americans. He cautioned blacks to avoid political and civil rights battles, but to work instead to become property owners and merchants, and to create their own thriving, self-sufficient communities.

As Washington recounted in his well-known autobiographies, Up from Slavery (1901) and The Story of My Life and Work (1901), he was born into slavery in 1856. He was not the property of a wealthy plantation owner...

(read more)

This section contains 2,845 words
(approx. 10 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Washington, Booker T. Encyclopedia Article
Copyrights
Development of the Industrial U.S. Reference Library
Washington, Booker T. from Development of the Industrial U.S. Reference Library. ©2005-2006 by U•X•L. U•X•L is an imprint of Thomson Gale, a division of Thomson Learning, Inc. All rights reserved.