Suicide and Substance Abuse - Research Article from Encyclopedia of Drugs, Alcohol & Addictive Behavior

This encyclopedia article consists of approximately 8 pages of information about Suicide and Substance Abuse.
This section contains 2,127 words
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Substance Abuse Increases Suicide Risk

Suicides are not random; each occurs in a particular context. The association between specific psychiatric syndromes—such as DEPRESSION or abuse of alcohol or drugs—and suicidal behavior has been studied by epidemiologists using both retrospective and prospective methods. Since interviews with suicide completers are impossible, retrospective reviews of the circumstances predating suicides have been conducted. By using interviews of relatives and others familiar with the suicide victim, together with study of medical records, suicide notes, and coroner reports, each suicide case is subjected to a "psychologic autopsy." Factors that distinguish successful suicide cases from suicide attempters and substance abusers who have never attempted suicide are compared in the hope that differences in these factors may identify those at particular risk of attempted or completed suicide. A limitation of retrospective studies is termed recall bias: informants may provide information...

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This section contains 2,127 words
(approx. 8 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Suicide and Substance Abuse Encyclopedia Article
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Encyclopedia of Drugs, Alcohol & Addictive Behavior
Suicide and Substance Abuse from Encyclopedia of Drugs, Alcohol & Addictive Behavior. Copyright © 2001-2006 by Macmillan Reference USA, an imprint of the Gale Group. All rights reserved.
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