ŚāStra Literature - Research Article from Encyclopedia of Religion

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ŚĀStra Literature

ŚĀSTRA LITERATURE. The Sanskrit term śāstra means, first, "precept, command, rule"; hence, a treatise in which precepts on a particular topic have been collected; and, finally, any branch of technical lore. Vāstuśāstra, for example, refers both to a treatise on vāstu ("architecture") and to the science of architecture generally; Cikitsāśāstra indicates both a treatise on medicine and the science of medicine; and so forth.

This article will be primarily concerned with the śāstras connected with the three goals (trivarga) that a Hindu is supposed to pursue during life: dharma ("spiritual obligations"), artha ("material welfare"), and kāma ("pleasure, enjoyment"). It is worth noticing that the texts in each of these three categories, to a greater or...

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This section contains 1,282 words
(approx. 5 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the ŚāStra Literature Encyclopedia Article
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ŚāStra Literature from Encyclopedia of Religion. Copyright © 2001-2006 by Macmillan Reference USA, an imprint of the Gale Group. All rights reserved.
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