Sri Lanka - Research Article from Governments of the World

This encyclopedia article consists of approximately 3 pages of information about Sri Lanka.
This section contains 663 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)
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Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka is an island, roughly the size of West Virginia, at the southern tip of India. It is separated from its large neighbor, India, by about 29 kilometers (18 miles) of sea. The Sinhala, who constitute about 75 percent of the island's estimated 2003 population of 20 million, are mostly Buddhists and unique to the island. The Sri Lankan and Indian Tamils who make up approximately 17 percent of the population are mostly Hindus and have counterparts in southern India.

British colonizers signed a convention in 1815 agreeing to maintain Buddhism as the official state religion in Sri Lanka, known as Ceylon until 1972. However, the introduction of Christianity, the English language, and other Western institutions resulted in violations of that agreement. Sri Lankan Tamils as a group gained political and economic advantage over the Sinhala Buddhist majority. Nevertheless, with the introduction of universal franchise and a parliamentary democracy in 1931, the Sinhala Buddhist...

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This section contains 663 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Sri Lanka Encyclopedia Article
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Governments of the World
Sri Lanka from Governments of the World. Copyright © 2001-2006 by Macmillan Reference USA, an imprint of the Gale Group. All rights reserved.
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