Sports - Research Article from Encyclopedia of Science, Technology, and Ethics

This encyclopedia article consists of approximately 7 pages of information about Sports.
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Ethical issues related to science and technology in sports only began to attract critical attention during the second half of the twentieth century. This paralleled the increasing scientific study of sports and the creation of sports science, as well as the discovery and development of performance enhancing drugs and technological transformations in sports equipment. The latter two influences have been especially problematic, and have played a central role in the emergence of critical studies in the field.

Modern Sports Development

This scientizaton reflects a shift in values concerned with sports. Allen Guttmann describes, in From Ritual to Record (1978), how the development of timing technology introduced the possibility of records, now a dominant feature of modern sports. The late-nineteenth century British public school games, which championed muscular Christianity, repositioned physical exertion as central to the development of a productive and civil society. It also led to the politicization of...

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This section contains 1,805 words
(approx. 7 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Sports Encyclopedia Article
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Macmillan
Sports from Macmillan. Copyright © 2001-2006 by Macmillan Reference USA, an imprint of the Gale Group. All rights reserved.