Spir, Afrikan Alexandrovich (1837–1890) - Research Article from Encyclopedia of Philosophy

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Spir, Afrikan Alexandrovich(1837–1890)

Afrikan Alexandrovich Spir, the Russian metaphysician was born in Elizavetgrad (present-day Kirovohrad) in the Ukraine, the son of a Russian doctor and a mother of Greek descent. Spir became interested in philosophy when, at the age of sixteen, he read Immanuel Kant's Critique of Pure Reason, a work that was to have a profound influence on him. He received no formal education in philosophy, however, and consequently never gained entry into philosophical circles, either in his native country or in Germany, where he settled in 1867. Spir attended a naval cadet school. He received both the Order of St. George and the Order of St. Andrew for his services as a naval officer. Before leaving Russia, he freed all his serfs and gave them land and lodging. He also gave away most of his money and lived on the income from...

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This section contains 750 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Spir, Afrikan Alexandrovich (1837–1890) Encyclopedia Article
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Spir, Afrikan Alexandrovich (1837–1890) from Macmillan. Copyright © 2001-2006 by Macmillan Reference USA, an imprint of the Gale Group. All rights reserved.
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