Spain - Research Article from Governments of the World

This encyclopedia article consists of approximately 9 pages of information about Spain.
This section contains 2,628 words
(approx. 9 pages at 300 words per page)
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History

The territory of Spain has been inhabited since remote times. Under Roman, Visigothic, and Arab rules, the Iberian Peninsula came to be regarded as a geographical and cultural unit. The marriage of the monarchs of Castille and Aragón in 1469 was the first step in the road to political unification. But it was only during the War of Independence against the Napoleonic army (1808–1814) that Spain emerged as a modern nation-state.

The chronic weakness of central governments in the nineteenth century prevented the completion of the nation-making process. Political instability and a relatively poor economic performance made Spain one of the more backward countries in Europe. The process of social and economic modernization only took firm roots in the early years of the twentieth century. The proclamation of the Second Spanish Republic (1931–1936) is generally considered as a first (and missed) attempt at political and social...

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This section contains 2,628 words
(approx. 9 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Spain Encyclopedia Article
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Governments of the World
Spain from Governments of the World. Copyright © 2001-2006 by Macmillan Reference USA, an imprint of the Gale Group. All rights reserved.
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