South America - Research Article from World of Earth Science

This encyclopedia article consists of approximately 13 pages of information about South America.
This section contains 3,605 words
(approx. 13 pages at 300 words per page)
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The South American continent stretches from about 10° above the equator to almost 60° below it, encompassing an area of 6,880,706 sq mi (17,821,028 sq km). This is almost 12% of the surface area of the earth. It is about 3,180 mi (5,100 km) wide at its widest point, and is divided into 10 countries. The continent can be divided into three main regions with distinct environmental and geological qualities: the highlands and plateaus of the east, which are the oldest geological feature in the continent; the Andes Mountains, which line the west coast and were created by the subduction of the Nazca plate beneath the continent; and the riverplain, between the highlands, which contains the Amazon River. The South American climate varies greatly based on the distance from the equator and the altitude of the area, but the range of temperatures seldom reaches 36°F (20°C), except in small areas.

The Eastern highlands and...

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This section contains 3,605 words
(approx. 13 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the South America Encyclopedia Article
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Gale
South America from Gale. ©2005-2006 Thomson Gale, a part of the Thomson Corporation. All rights reserved.
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