South Africa - Research Article from Governments of the World

This encyclopedia article consists of approximately 9 pages of information about South Africa.
This section contains 2,505 words
(approx. 9 pages at 300 words per page)
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A Brief History

Although humans settled in South Africa many millennia ago, the story of the modern nation-state began in the early seventeenth century. The Dutch East India Company had begun developing different shipping routes to India and Java. For these routes to work, however, a base had to be established on the southern tip of Africa where ships could refit and resupply themselves. The company's demands on the local population led rapidly to conflict, and so it decided to build a full-fledged colony (the Cape Colony) in South Africa, along the southwestern coast.

(MAP BY MARYLAND CARTOGRAPHICS/THE GALE GROUP) (MAP BY MARYLAND CARTOGRAPHICS/THE GALE GROUP)

The establishment of the Cape Colony required that the Dutch East India Company forcefully take land from indigenous people, in this case the Khoikhoi (referred to, pejoratively, as "Hottentots"). Over the next several decades the colony grew rapidly, and eventually, around 1690, poorer farmers desperate for land began...

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This section contains 2,505 words
(approx. 9 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the South Africa Encyclopedia Article
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Governments of the World
South Africa from Governments of the World. Copyright © 2001-2006 by Macmillan Reference USA, an imprint of the Gale Group. All rights reserved.
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