Socrates (C. 470-399 Bce) - Research Article from Encyclopedia of Philosophy

This encyclopedia article consists of approximately 27┬ápages of information about Socrates (C. 470–399 Bce).
This section contains 7,868 words
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Life

Socrates was born in Athens around 470 BCE and lived in the city all his life, apart from military service abroad. Little is known of the circumstances of his life. His father, Sophroniscus, is said by some ancient sources to have been a stonemason, and in Plato's Theaetetus (149a) Socrates says that his mother, Phainarete, was a midwife. That may indeed be true, though the fact that the name literally means "revealing excellence" suggests the possibility that Plato has invented the story in allusion to Socrates' role as midwife to the ideas of others (Theaetetus 149–151). Because Socrates served in the infantry, who had to provide their own arms and equipment, his circumstances, at least initially, must have been reasonably prosperous, but Plato and other writers emphasize his poverty in later life, which they attribute to his spending all his time in philosophical discussion. The same...

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This section contains 7,868 words
(approx. 27 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Socrates (C. 470-399 Bce) Encyclopedia Article
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Encyclopedia of Philosophy
Socrates (C. 470-399 Bce) from Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Copyright © 2001-2006 by Macmillan Reference USA, an imprint of the Gale Group. All rights reserved.
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