Socrates (C. 470–399 Bce) - Research Article from Encyclopedia of Philosophy

This encyclopedia article consists of approximately 27┬ápages of information about Socrates (C. 470–399 Bce).
This section contains 7,868 words
(approx. 27 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Socrates (C. 470–399 Bce) Encyclopedia Article

Socrates(C. 470–399 Bce)

Socrates is the first Western philosopher to have left to posterity any sense of his individual personality, and he is a central figure in the subsequent development of philosophy. Both of these aspects are due primarily to Plato. It is via his portrayal by Plato's literary genius that Socrates is a living figure for subsequent generations, and thereby an exemplar of the ideals of philosophy, above all dedication to truth and intellectual integrity. It was under the influence of Socrates that Plato applied systematic techniques of argument pioneered by Socrates and his contemporaries, the Sophists, to the fundamental questions of human nature and conduct that primarily interested Socrates, thereby placing ethics and psychology at the center of the philosophical agenda. But while Plato brings Socrates to center stage he also hides him; because Socrates wrote nothing himself we depend on others for...

(read more)

This section contains 7,868 words
(approx. 27 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Socrates (C. 470–399 Bce) Encyclopedia Article
Copyrights
Encyclopedia of Philosophy
Socrates (C. 470–399 Bce) from Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Copyright © 2001-2006 by Macmillan Reference USA, an imprint of the Gale Group. All rights reserved.