Silicon - Research Article from Chemical Elements

This encyclopedia article consists of approximately 7 pages of information about Silicon.
This section contains 1,969 words
(approx. 7 pages at 300 words per page)
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Symbol

Si

Atomic Number

14

Atomic Mass

28.0855

Family

Group 14 (Iva) Carbon Pronunciation

SIL-i-con

Overview

Silicon is a member of Group 14 (IVA) in the periodic table. The periodic table is a chart that shows how chemical elements are related to one another. Silicon is also part of the the carbon family. Other carbon family elements include carbon, germanium, tin, and lead. Silicon is a metalloid, one of only a very few elements that have characteristics of both metals and non-metals.

Silicon is the second most abundant element in the Earth's crust, exceeded only by oxygen. Many rocks and minerals contain silicon. Examples include sand, quartz, clays, flint, amethyst, opal, mica, feldspar, garnet, tourmaline, asbestos, talc, zircon, emerald, and aquamarine. Silicon never occurs as a free element. It is always combined with one or more other elements as a compound.

By the early 1800s, silicon was recognized as an element. But...

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This section contains 1,969 words
(approx. 7 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Silicon Encyclopedia Article
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Silicon from UXL. ©2005-2006 by U•X•L. U•X•L is an imprint of Thomson Gale, a division of Thomson Learning, Inc. All rights reserved.
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