Self-Esteem - Research Article from Encyclopedia of Childhood and Adolescence

This encyclopedia article consists of approximately 6 pages of information about Self-Esteem.
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Aggressiveness Vs. Assertiveness

Many people fail to distinguish between assertiveness and aggressiveness. Behaviorist psychologists view assertiveness as a complex set of behaviors, both verbal and non-verbal. Assertive behavior is often correlated with high self-esteem. To a child, assertiveness is an abstract concept: the first-grader who is terrorized by a bully is too busy dealing with such feelings as shame and fear to even think about being assertive. Furthermore, even when assertiveness is explained to a child, i.e., when he is told by a teacher that walking away from a fight can be an assertive act, this positive message is sometimes undermined by conflicting societal messages such as "fight like a man." This prompts some children, and some adults, to seek self-assertion in aggression. Instead of firmly demanding that a toy be returned, for example, a child might punch and grab the toy away from another child.

While assertiveness...

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This section contains 1,543 words
(approx. 6 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Self-Esteem Encyclopedia Article
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Encyclopedia of Childhood and Adolescence
Self-Esteem from Encyclopedia of Childhood and Adolescence. ©2005-2006 Thomson Gale, a part of the Thomson Corporation. All rights reserved.
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