Rockets - Research Article from Macmillan Science Library: Space Sciences

This encyclopedia article consists of approximately 4 pages of information about Rockets.
This section contains 1,195 words
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From "Fire Arrows" to Modern Rocketry

The Chinese were probably the first to use rockets. In 1232 C.E. they defeated a Mongol invasion using a strange weapon called "fire arrows." Filled with an explosive combination of saltpeter and black powder, these were the primitive ancestors of rockets. Later, this new weapon was carried as far as the Near East and Europe. By the sixteenth century, Europeans had taken the lead in exploiting the potential of rockets in warfare.

Rapid progress in military rocketry was made in the nineteenth century. Over 25,000 rockets developed by British artillery officer William Congrieve were launched against Copenhagen, Denmark, in 1807. The same type of rocket was immortalized as "the rocket's red glare" in "The Star-Spangled Banner." Beyond their martial applications, recognition of the potential of rockets in spaceflight began to emerge in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries through individuals who were to...

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This section contains 1,195 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Rockets Encyclopedia Article
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Macmillan Science Library: Space Sciences
Rockets from Macmillan Science Library: Space Sciences. Copyright © 2001-2006 by Macmillan Reference USA, an imprint of the Gale Group. All rights reserved.
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