Retirement - Research Article from Beacham's Encyclopedia of Social Change

This encyclopedia article consists of approximately 39 pages of information about Retirement.
This section contains 11,622 words
(approx. 39 pages at 300 words per page)
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Timeline

1790–1879 ∼ Recognizing the Need for Retirement

State legislatures introduced policies of mandatory retirement for some public officials between 1790 and 1820 / Business begins to regard unemployment as a distinctly different problem from poverty (mid 1880s) / 70 percent of American males over the age of sixty-five still work (1840) / Some, but not all, states require judges to retire due to advancing age (1860) / Congress establishes a system to provide pensions for disabled soldiers (1862) / American Express establishes the first railroad pension plan (1875) / Massachusetts is the first state to collect unemployment statistics (1878)

MILESTONES: Decline of the apprenticeship system (1820–1860) • Factories employ entire families of immigrants (1820s–1830s) • Old Immigration from England, Ireland, Scandinavia and Germany (1830–1870) Census shows great increase in the types of occupations (1850) • One-fifth of the American population is killed in the Civil War (1861–1865) • First labor union formed in the U.S. (1866)

1880–1899 ∼ Early Pension Plans...

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This section contains 11,622 words
(approx. 39 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Retirement Encyclopedia Article
Copyrights
Beacham's Encyclopedia of Social Change
Retirement from Beacham's Encyclopedia of Social Change. ©2006 by Beacham. Beacham is an imprint of Thomson Gale, a division of Thomson Learning, Inc. All rights reserved.
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