Research - Research Article from Encyclopedia of Drugs, Alcohol & Addictive Behavior

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Research

In a Chinese book on pharmacy, which dates to 2732B. C., references are found to the properties of MARIJUANA (a type of Old World HEMP, Cannabis sativa of the mulberry family). In an Egyptian papyrus from about 1550B. C., there is a description of the effects of OPIUM (a product of the opium poppy, Papaver somniferum). In almost every culture, the uses of ALCOHOL are documented in both oral and written tradition, often going back into antiquity—the Bible, for example, mentions both the use and abuse of wine. Although people have made observations on PSYCHOACTIVE substances for thousands of years, much remains to be learned about both alcohol and drugs of abuse; much research remains to be done before these substances and their effects can be fully understood.

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Most substance-abuse research carried out today is a consequence...

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This section contains 14,745 words
(approx. 50 pages at 300 words per page)
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Encyclopedia of Drugs, Alcohol & Addictive Behavior
Research from Encyclopedia of Drugs, Alcohol & Addictive Behavior. Copyright © 2001-2006 by Macmillan Reference USA, an imprint of the Gale Group. All rights reserved.