Religion - Research Article from Colonial America Reference Library

This encyclopedia article consists of approximately 40 pages of information about Religion.
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Spanish Introduce Roman Catholicism

Missionaries Find Easy Converts

The first Spanish settlement in North America was a Catholic mission at present-day Saint Augustine, Florida, which prospered for many years after its founding in 1565. Jesuits and Franciscans (men who belong to Catholic religious orders) established missions, hospitals, and convents in Spanish territory, called La Florida, which extended north from Saint Augustine to present-day South Carolina and Alabama. After 1598 the Spanish ventured into New Mexico, Arizona, and Texas, where they slowly established the largest concentration of missions in North America. By 1634 there were thirty-four Franciscans maintaining forty-four missions and ministering to more than twenty-five thousand Native American converts. They conducted most of their mission work among the Pueblo, a group of tribes who lived in apartment-like structures. These farming people eagerly adapted the agricultural technology of the Spaniards and welcomed the Franciscans, showing great respect for the European spiritual leaders.

Pueblo Observe Ancient Traditions

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This section contains 11,968 words
(approx. 40 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Religion Encyclopedia Article
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Colonial America Reference Library
Religion from Colonial America Reference Library. ©2005-2006 by U•X•L. U•X•L is an imprint of Thomson Gale, a division of Thomson Learning, Inc. All rights reserved.
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