Radar and Sonar - Research Article from World of Earth Science

This encyclopedia article consists of approximately 4 pages of information about Radar and Sonar.
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Although they rely on two fundamentally different types of wave transmission, Radio Detection and Ranging (RADAR) and Sound Navigation and Ranging (SONAR) both are remote sensing systems with important military, scientific and commercial applications. RADAR sends out electromagnetic waves, while active SONAR transmits acoustic (i.e., sound) waves. In both systems, these waves return echoes from certain features or targets that allow the determination of important properties and attributes of the target (i.e., shape, size, speed, distance, etc.). Because electromagnetic waves are strongly attenuated (diminished) in water, RADAR signals are mostly used for ground or atmospheric observations. Because SONAR signals easily penetrate water, they are ideal for navigation and measurement under water.

The threat of submarine warfare during World War I made urgent the development of SONAR and other means of echo detection. The development of the acoustic transducer that converted electrical energy...

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This section contains 953 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Radar and Sonar Encyclopedia Article
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Radar and Sonar from Gale. ©2005-2006 Thomson Gale, a part of the Thomson Corporation. All rights reserved.
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