Pythagoras and Pythagoreanism [addendum 1] - Research Article from Encyclopedia of Philosophy

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The New Skepticism About Early Pythagorean Philosophy

There had always been skeptics who doubted the traditional view of scientific work by Pythagoras and his early followers. Burkert showed decisively how far this tradition derived from a completely unhistorical view of Pythagoras created in Plato's Academy and popularized by Plato's immediate successors. The striking similarities between Plato's work and the traditional account of Pythagorean philosophy (as given in Guthrie's article) are largely due to this post-Platonic tradition, which in later versions regularly credited Pythagoras with the invention of Platonic philosophy. At the same time, Burkert defended the authenticity of most of the fragments attributed to Philolaus (in the middle or late fifth century BCE), which are now generally recognized as the earliest Pythagorean texts.

Except for the fragments of Philolaus and a single reference in Plato (reporting that the Pythagoreans regarded music and astronomy as "sister sciences...

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This section contains 2,635 words
(approx. 9 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Pythagoras and Pythagoreanism [addendum 1] Encyclopedia Article
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Pythagoras and Pythagoreanism [addendum 1] from Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Copyright © 2001-2006 by Macmillan Reference USA, an imprint of the Gale Group. All rights reserved.
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