Psychology - Research Article from Encyclopedia of Philosophy

This encyclopedia article consists of approximately 93 pages of information about Psychology.
This section contains 27,859 words
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Systematic Philosophy of Mind

Plato and Aristotle

Soul and Body

Plato's view of the special status of reason was plausible at a time when almost nothing was known about the functioning of the brain and nervous system, for abstract thought seems to proceed with little dependence on bodily organs. Furthermore, the identity of a subject of experience through time does not seem to depend entirely on bodily continuity. There is thus a case for Plato's concept of the rational soul as some kind of active agency that inhabits the body for a brief period.

Plato thought that the rational soul inhabits the head because the head is round (the most perfect shape and, hence, an appropriate place for the seat of reason) and the part of the body nearest the heavens. It makes contact with the brain, which was conceived of as a kind of marrow encased in the...

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This section contains 27,859 words
(approx. 93 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Psychology Encyclopedia Article
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Encyclopedia of Philosophy
Psychology from Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Copyright © 2001-2006 by Macmillan Reference USA, an imprint of the Gale Group. All rights reserved.
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