Protein-Energy Malnutrition - Research Article from World of Health

This encyclopedia article consists of approximately 5 pages of information about Protein-Energy Malnutrition.
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Protein-Energy Malnutrition

Protein-energy malnutrition (PEM) is a potentially fatal body-depletion disorder. It is the leading cause of death in children in developing countries.

PEM is also referred to as protein-calorie malnutrition. It develops in children and adults whose consumption of protein and energy (measured by calories) is insufficient to satisfy the body's nutritional needs. While pure protein deficiency can occur when a person's diet provides enough energy but lacks the protein minimum, in most cases the deficiency will be dual. PEM may also occur in persons who are unable to absorb vital nutrients or convert them to energy essential for healthy tissue formation and organ function.

Although PEM is not prevalent among the general population of the United States, it is often seen in elderly people who live in nursing homes and in children whose parents are poor. PEM occurs in one of every two surgical patients and...

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This section contains 1,286 words
(approx. 5 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Protein-Energy Malnutrition Encyclopedia Article
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Protein-Energy Malnutrition from Gale. ©2005-2006 Thomson Gale, a part of the Thomson Corporation. All rights reserved.
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