Prohibition of Alcohol - Research Article from Encyclopedia of Drugs, Alcohol & Addictive Behavior

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The Eighteenth Amendment to the Constitution of the United States prohibited the "manufacture, sale and transportation of intoxicating liquors." The amendment, passed by Congress in 1917, was written to become effective one year after its ratification by the states. The amendment outlawed only the manufacture, transport, and sale of liquor; it did not criminalize the possession of ALCOHOL for personal use, nor did it make purchase of liquor from bootleggers a criminal offense, nor did it define what was meant by "intoxicating" liquors. To implement the amendment, Congress passed the National Prohibition Act, better known as the Volstead Act. The Volstead Act was crafted to allow supplies of alcohol to be produced and transported for scientific and other commercial purposes. It also defined an intoxicating liquor as any beverage containing more than 0.5 percent alcohol. It could have set the permissible level higher and allowed, for...

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This section contains 1,674 words
(approx. 6 pages at 300 words per page)
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Prohibition of Alcohol from Macmillan. Copyright © 2001-2006 by Macmillan Reference USA, an imprint of the Gale Group. All rights reserved.