Portugal Launches Age of Discovery - Research Article from Science and Its Times

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Over a period of about 150 years, the tiny nation of Portugal founded Brazil, discovered the sea route around Africa to India, and established colonies and trading posts in Tangiers, Angola, the Congo, the Gulf of Ormuz, India, the Spice Islands, and China. For most of that time, Portugal dominated trade between Asia and Western Europe, undercutting the economies of flourishing trading cities, including Naples and Genoa. Henry the Navigator (1394-1460) set up a prototypical research center in Sagres where maps were systematically charted and both sailing vessels and techniques that made exploration possible were invented. With these tools, Portugal was able to secure luxury goods from the East, to spread Christianity, and to increase its wealth, influence, and power. When the power shifted, it went to other European countries that followed Portugal's successful lead. Holland, England, France, and Spain...

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This section contains 1,577 words
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