Physiology - Research Article from Macmillan Science Library: Plant Sciences

This encyclopedia article consists of approximately 8 pages of information about Physiology.
This section contains 2,227 words
(approx. 8 pages at 300 words per page)
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Physiology

Plant physiology encompasses the entire range of chemical reactions carried out by plants. Like other living organisms, plants use deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) to store genetic information and proteins to carry out cellular functions. Enzymes regulate both anabolism (buildup of complex macromolecules) and catabolism (the breaking down of macromolecules into simple molecules). Unlike animals, plants create a large variety of secondary metabolites, complex molecules with a range of specialized functions.

Structure and Function of Macromolecules

Dna.

Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) is a high-molecular-weight polymer, containing phosphate, four nitrogen bases, and the pentose sugar deoxyri-bose. There are two pyrimidine bases, cytosine and thymine, and two purine bases, adenine and guanine. These nitrogen bases are joined to long chains of alternating sugar and phosphate. The three-dimensional structure of DNA consists of a two-stranded alpha-helix with each strand consisting of a long chain of polynucleotides and the strands joined through the bases by...

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This section contains 2,227 words
(approx. 8 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Physiology Encyclopedia Article
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Macmillan Science Library: Plant Sciences
Physiology from Macmillan Science Library: Plant Sciences. Copyright © 2001-2006 by Macmillan Reference USA, an imprint of the Gale Group. All rights reserved.
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