Physical Education - Research Article from World of Health

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Physical Education

The history of physical education reflects people's attitudes about physical activity. From prehistoric times, because survival was related to physical stamina and to people's ability to find food, no separate physical fitness programs were needed. Gradually, ancient societies in China, Egypt, Greece, and Rome adopted physical education as part of military training. As the more developed societies came to value the scholarly life, physical education lost favor. Many developed countries have had to strike a balance between physical and intellectual interests.

The history of physical education frequently shows a pattern of military, social, and political influence.

In one high point of ancient history, Athenian Greeks came to the forefront in the era 700 to 600 B.C. with their quest for physical and intellectual perfection. In numerous festivals, Athenians celebrated the beauty of the human form in dance, art, religious rites, and athletics. Athenians honored the gods of...

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This section contains 1,004 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Physical Education Encyclopedia Article
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Physical Education from Gale. ©2005-2006 Thomson Gale, a part of the Thomson Corporation. All rights reserved.