Philippines - Research Article from Governments of the World

This encyclopedia article consists of approximately 10 pages of information about Philippines.
This section contains 2,954 words
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Political History

The Philippines' native sociopolitical system was organized around familial relations. The basis of leadership was the possession of certain attributes that were esteemed by the community: courage, wisdom, or strength. Political power essentially was personal leadership affirmed by the local community.

Communities were scattered all over the islands, and fragmentation made it easy for Spanish colonizers to take political control over the islands through a series of military offensives, begun by Ferdinand Magellan (1480–1521) in 1521. The Spaniards consolidated their rule through the power of the sword and the cross. They imposed the Hispanic sociopolitical structure on the natives, introduced Christianity, and eventually extended their domination over most of the archipelago.

Short on manpower, the Spaniards co-opted the local elite to fortify their political dominance. The ruling families were granted generous land grants, which dismantled the native notion that land could not be owned but only used and...

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This section contains 2,954 words
(approx. 10 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Philippines Encyclopedia Article
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Governments of the World
Philippines from Governments of the World. Copyright © 2001-2006 by Macmillan Reference USA, an imprint of the Gale Group. All rights reserved.
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