Philadelphia Plan - Research Article from St. James Encyclopedia of Labor History Worldwide

This encyclopedia article consists of approximately 12 pages of information about Philadelphia Plan.
This section contains 3,307 words
(approx. 12 pages at 300 words per page)
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Philadelphia Plan

United States 1969

Synopsis

With the implementation of the Philadelphia Plan in 1969, President Richard M. Nixon's administration changed the federal government's stance on affirmative action. For the first time, a specific industry was required to articulate a plan for hiring minority workers. Presidents John F. Kennedy and Lyndon B. Johnson had identified affirmative action as necessary to redress the effects of racism. During their administrations, policies were created to facilitate both equal employment opportunities for African Americans and equal accommodations in the workplace. Yet the Civil Rights Act of 1964 had limited the type of remedies possible by forbidding any form of discrimination. This was interpreted to include preferential hiring, which was seen as compensatory discrimination.

Despite this limitation, the Nixon administration used the power of the federal purse to create specific hiring goals in the highly segregated construction industry. Designed by the Department of Labor during the...

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This section contains 3,307 words
(approx. 12 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Philadelphia Plan Encyclopedia Article
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St. James Encyclopedia of Labor History Worldwide
Philadelphia Plan from St. James Encyclopedia of Labor History Worldwide. ©2005-2006 Thomson Gale, a part of the Thomson Corporation. All rights reserved.
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