Penzias, Arno (1933- ) - Research Article from World of Earth Science

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Penzias, Arno (1933- )

German-born American astrophysicist

Arno Penzias shared the Nobel Prize for physics in 1978 with Robert Wilson for a discovery that supported the big bang the ory of the universe. The two radio astronomers at what was then American Telephone & Telegraph's (AT&T) Bell Telephone Laboratories were using a 20-ft (6.1-m) horn reflector antenna that year to measure the intensity of radio waves emitted by the halo of gas surrounding the galaxy. The two scientists were bothered by a persistent noise that they could not explain. At first they pinned it on two pigeons that were nesting in the antenna throat. But even after they evicted the birds, the noise continued. Eventually the scientists were able to conclude that the noise came from cosmic background, or microwave, radiation. This came to be widely considered as remnant microwave radiation from the "big...

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This section contains 1,085 words
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Buy the Penzias, Arno (1933- ) Encyclopedia Article
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