Ozone Layer and Ozone Hole Dynamics - Research Article from World of Earth Science

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Ozone Layer and Ozone Hole Dynamics

In 1985, atmospheric scientists discovered that stratospheric ozone over Antarctica had been reduced to half its natural level. This local loss, termed the Antarctic ozone hole, was traced to destruction of stratospheric ozone by human-made chemicals, especially chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs; artificial compounds consisting of chlorine, fluorine, and carbon and widely used as refrigerants and aerosol spray propellants). Other evidence indicates that ozone levels potentially declining over other regions, though nowhere as drastically as over Antarctica.

The ozone hole covers an area over the Antarctic continent, the surrounding ocean, the southern tip of South America in which stratospheric ozone begins to diminish every August (at the beginning of the Southern hemisphere's spring season), reaches a minimum of less than 50% of its natural value in October, and returns to normal levels by the beginning of December.

Essential to the formation...

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This section contains 899 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Ozone Layer and Ozone Hole Dynamics Encyclopedia Article
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Ozone Layer and Ozone Hole Dynamics from Gale. ©2005-2006 Thomson Gale, a part of the Thomson Corporation. All rights reserved.
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